Kinesin Family Member 20A is a Novel Melanoma-associated Antigen
Junji Yamashita, Satoshi Fukushima, Masatoshi Jinnin, Noritoshi Honda, Katunari Makino, Keisuke Sakai, Shinichi Masuguchi, Yuji Inoue, Hironobu Ihn
It has been shown recently that immunotherapy for advanced melanoma is effective. However, in order to improve the efficacy of immunotherapy, the identification of more specific melanoma-associated antigens is urgently needed. Kinesin family member 20A (KIF20A) has been reported to be a promising immunotherapeutic target for pancreatic cancer. To investigate the expression of KIF20A in melanoma, we performed quantitative reverse transcript (RT)-PCR and western blotting analyses of melanoma cell lines. We also investigated primary melanomas and naevus tissues with immunohistochemistry and real-time RT-PCR. KIF20A expression was detected in 59% of melanomas and 12% of naevi by immunohisto-chemistry, and 64% of melanomas and 60% of naevi by real-time RT-PCR. The primary melanomas that were positive for KIF20A showed a significantly greater thickness than those that were negative, and patients with KIF20A+ melanoma tended to develop recurrence earlier. These results suggest that immunotherapy with KIF20A may be a novel treatment option for advanced melanoma.