Highly Concordant Results Between Immunohistochemistry and Molecular Testing of Mutated V600E BRAF in Primary and Metastatic Melanoma
Laure Manfredi, Nicolas Meyer, Emilie Tournier, David Grand, Emmanuelle Uro-Coste, Philippe Rochaix, Pierre Brousset, Laurence Lamant
This study tested the sensitivity and specificity of VE1 antibody raised against BRAFV600E protein, on 189 melanoma samples, compared with molecular testing. In addition, the therapeutic response to BRAF inhibitors was analysed in 27 patients, according to staining intensity (scored from weak to strong) and pattern (homogeneous or heterogeneous). BRAFV600E status during melanoma progression was evaluated in a cohort of 54 patients with at least paired-samples. High sensitivity (98.6%) and specificity (97.7%) of VE1 were confirmed. During melanoma progression different samples showed concordant phenotypes. Heterogeneous VE1 staining was observed in 28.5% of cases, and progression-free survival was higher in patients with tumour samples displaying such staining. These findings suggest that only VE1-negative tumours would be genotyped to detect other BRAFV600 mutations, and that either primary melanoma or metastasis can be tested using immunohistochemistry, according to the material available.