Outcome of Combined Treatment of Surgery and Adjuvant Radiotherapy in Merkel Cell Carcinoma
Eckhard Fiedler, Dirk Vordermark
Preview of fully accepted paper, still not published in any volume
In recent analyses of Merkel cell carcinoma, prognosis is poor even in stages I and II. We performed a monocentric retrospective study of 37 consecutive cases with Merkel cell carcinoma stage I to III treated with a combination of surgery and adjuvant radiation to evaluate progression-free and overall survival. The median primary tumour diameter was 17.9 mm. Cases consisted of 31 primary tumours, of which 13 had negative sentinel lymph node biopsy (IA n = 10 and IIA n = 3) and 18 no sentinel lymph node biopsy (IB n = 15 and IIB n = 3), 2 tumours with positive sentinel lymph node biopsy (IIIA) and 4 with local macrometastasis (IIIB). The median age was 71 years and the median follow-up was 60.4 months. The 5-year progression-free survival was 83.8% and 5-year disease-specific survival was 95.7% (overall survival 93.0%). So far, our results show a high survival rate with combined treatment of surgery and adjuvant radiotherapy in early tumour stages of Merkel cell carcinoma.