Burden of Atopic Dermatitis in Swedish Adults: A Population-based Study
Grigorios Theodosiou, Scott Montgomery, Alexandra Metsini, Florence J. Dalgard, Åke Svensson, Laura B. von Kobyletzki
The burden of atopic dermatitis (AD) was assessed. A population-based, cross-sectional questionnaire study was performed among 34,313 Swedish adults in 2017. The prevalence of AD was 14%. Adults with mild AD had an increased relative risk ratio (RRR) of severe depression (aRRR 1.78, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.50–2.12) and anxiety (aRRR 1.97, 95% CI 1.69–2.30), which was higher for severe AD (aRRR 6.22 95% CI 4.60– 8.42, aRRR 5.62 95% CI 4.10–7.71, respectively). Persons with severe AD were less likely to have a university degree (aRRR 0.55, 95% CI 0.34–0.90) and more likely to have a lower annual income (238,000–324,000 SEK: aRRR 0.51, 95% CI 0.39–0.77; 325,000 SEK or more 0.36; 0.25–0.58) compared with individuals without AD. These results suggest that AD implies an increased prevalence of comorbid mental conditions and an adverse impact on academic achievement and work. These adverse associations increase substantially for patients with severe AD and comorbid asthma.
In this population-based questionnaire study the burden of atopic dermatitis in terms of mental comorbidity, educational attainment and ability to work was investigated. Among the 34,313 participants the reported prevalence of atopic dermatitis was 14%. Adults with atopic dermatitis had an increased risk for severe depression and anxiety. We report, for the first time that persons with severe atopic dermatitis are less likely to have a university degree and have a lower income compared to persons without atopic dermatitis. Atopic dermatitis is common and has a large impact on patient´s life. Clinicians should be vigilant for increased mental comorbidity.