Content » Vol 69, Issue 6

13-cis retinoic acid and dexamethasone modulate the gene expression of epidermal growth factor receptor and fibroblast proteoglycan 40 core protein in human skin fibroblasts

Oikarinen A, Vuorio T, Mäkelä J, Vuorio E.
DOI: 10.2340/0001555569466469


The effects of 13-cis retinoic acid (RA) and dexamethasone on the levels of epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor and fibroblast derived proteoglycan core protein (PG40) mRNAs were studied in human skin fibroblasts. The EGF receptor is involved in the regulation of cellular proliferation and the synthesis of matrix proteins, and proteoglycan 40 is important for cell attachment and interaction with collagen and fibronectin. 13-cis-RA at a concentration of 10(-7) M markedly reduced the levels of the EGF receptor and PG40 mRNAs, the decreases being 33 and 56%, respectively. Dexamethasone reduced these mRNAs markedly less. Simultaneous treatment of the fibroblasts with 13-cis-RA and dexamethasone resulted in similar decreases in EGF receptor and PG40 mRNAs as with 13-cis-RA alone. Surprisingly, the proliferation rate of the fibroblasts was increased in the presence of dexamethasone under conditions similar to those which caused slight decrease in the EGF receptor mRNA levels. This indicates that glucocorticoids also affect the cellular growth by mechanisms which do not involve EGF receptors.


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