Effect of topical laurocapram (Azone) on the in vitro percutaneous permeation of sodium lauryl sulfate using human skin.
Szolar-Platzer C, Patil S, Maibach HI
The probability of simultaneous cutaneous exposure to surfactants and penetration enhancers could occur frequently during routine skin treatment. This study ascertains whether pre-exposure of skin to laurocapram would affect the penetration of a model surfactant, sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS). In vitro experiments with human skin were performed to compare the penetration of SLS after pretreatment with (1) different concentrations of laurocapram, (2) after repeated SLS treatments, (3) untreated controls, and (4) water-control. Pre-exposure to laurocapram enhanced penetration of SLS compared to all other treatments (p < 0.05). Since subsequent pre-exposure of skin to laurocapram increased SLS penetration, the chances of an elevated skin irritation reaction at the exposed site may therefore be possible. Pre-exposure of the skin with SLS did not increase the SLS flux values significantly, compared to the laurocapram pretreated skin. From these results it can be proposed that proper care and precautions may be necessary after exposure of skin to laurocapram and also to various other percutaneous enhancers. Further in vivo correlations are essential to define the clinical implications of this study, especially as related to irritant dermatitis.