Content - Volume 72, Issue 5

Editor's choice in this issue

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The increase in skin hydration after application of emollients with different amounts of lipids
Lodén M
Emollients can increase the water content in the stratum corneum by delivery of their water to the skin, and by occlusion. These two mechanisms were studied using three preparations with different concentrations of lipids. The products were applied to the skin and then removed by cleaning the surface after 5 and 40 min. The increase in skin water loss following removal of product residue was consi ...
Pages: 327-330
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Immunohistochemical localization of alpha 2-macroglobulin receptors in human skin.
Feldman SR, Sangha ND.
The localization of receptors for the proteinase inhibitor alpha 2-macroglobulin was studied in human skin by immunohistochemistry using a monoclonal mouse antibody. No epidermal staining was identified. alpha 2-Macroglobulin receptors were identified on dermal fibroblasts and dermal dendritic cells. Endothelial cells did not stain with the antibody, but positive staining cells were concentrated a ...
Pages: 331-333
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Interleukin-8 receptors in normal and psoriatic polymorphonuclear leukocytes.
Arenberger P, Kemény L, Süss R, Michel G, Peter RU, Ruzicka T.
Polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMNL) infiltration is an important characteristic in psoriatic lesions. The proinflammatory 8-kD peptide interleukin-8 (IL-8) is present in psoriatic scales and possesses a high chemotactic activity on human neutrophils, which may relate to its role in psoriasis. Its chemotactic activity is mediated via specific receptors on PMNL. The goal of our work was to ascertain ...
Pages: 334-336
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A new marker of epidermal differentiation associated with the membrane coating granules: characterization and applications to pathology.
Bailly J, Darmon M, Juhlin L, Démarchez M.
A murine monoclonal antibody, BC12, was obtained after immunization against suprabasal human keratinocytes. In the epidermis of normal human skin, the antigen recognized by BC12 (BC12 antigen) is located at the apex of keratinocytes in the upper stratum spinosum and stratum granulosum but is absent in other layers. The BC12 antigen is also present in hair follicles. Immunoblotting performed on ker ...
Pages: 337-344
Abstract  PDF
Immunophenotypical characterization of inflammatory cellular infiltrates in tinea.
Brasch J, Sterry W.
In order to elucidate the still poorly understood pathogenetic pathways of acute tinea, the inflammatory cellular infiltrates in this infection were analyzed. Lesional punch biopsies were cryostat-sectioned and stained with monoclonal antibodies for immunophenotypization of T cells, B cells, macrophages and activation markers. For each antibody the positively stained inflammatory cells in the derm ...
Pages: 345-347
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Quantitative analysis of Langerhans' cells in epidermis at irritant contact reactions using confocal laser scanning microscopy.
Scheynius A, Dalenbring M, Carlsson K, England R, Lindberg M.
Confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) was used for quantitative analysis of CD1a+ cells in epidermis at irritant reactions. Sodium lauryl sulphate (2% and 4%) or non-anoic acid (20% and 80%) were applied to the skin of healthy volunteers under occlusion for 24 h. Skin biopsy specimens were taken after additional 24 h and were snap frozen. Freeze-sections, 25 microns thick, were stained with an ...
Pages: 348-351
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Comparison of muscle-derived serum carbonic anhydrase III and myoglobin in dermatological patients: effects of isotretinoin treatment.
Oikarinen A, Vuori J, Autio P, Annala AP, Palatsi R, Kiistala U, Väänänen K.
The serum levels of muscle-specific serum carbonic anhydrase III (S-CAIII) and myoglobin (S-Myo) were analyzed in various male dermatological patients of the same age. The mean levels of S-CAIII and S-Myo were essentially similar in patients with acne, psoriasis vulgaris, atopic eczema and tinea, suggesting that common dermatological diseases do not affect the serum levels of the muscle markers. I ...
Pages: 352-354
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Sequential concentration of chloroquine in human hair correlates with ingested dose and duration of therapy
Runne U, Ochsendorf FR, Schmidt K, Raudonat HW.
Human scalp hair was analyzed for chloroquine using gas-chromatography. In 5 patients it was demonstrated that the amount of uptake of chloroquine into the hair varied proportionally with the dosage (from 500 mg/week to 10 g single dose) and with the time of administration. The chloroquine concentrations ranged from 8 to 1100 micrograms/g hair. Chloroquine could be determined quantitatively after ...
Pages: 355-357
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Lichenoid eruption induced by low dose captopril.
Wong SS, Long CC, Holt PJ.
A patient with congestive cardiac failure developed a rash following captopril treatment. The clinical and histological features were consistent with a lichenoid eruption. The rash spontaneously resolved without any treatment three months after captopril was discontinued.
Pages: 358-359
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Pityriasis alba in a psoriatic location.
Wolf R, Wolf D, Trau H.
Three patients with pityriasis alba whose lesions were confined to the knees only are reported. Such cases can be misdiagnosed as psoriasis. The key to the correct diagnosis lies in the physician's awareness of the existence of this variant of pityriasis alba.
Page: 360
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Methotrexate hepatotoxicity in psoriatic patients submitted to long-term therapy.
Themido R, Loureiro M, Pecegueiro M, Brandão M, Campos MC.
Eighty-four patients with severe psoriasis who required methotrexate (MTX) therapy have been reviewed. A total of 134 liver biopsies were performed. The lack of correlation between alcohol intake and the use of potential hepatotoxic drugs with pretreatment liver biopsies is noted. A review of 30 patients who had liver biopsies performed before and after MTX treatment showed no statistically signif ...
Pages: 361-364
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Elimination diet in young children with atopic dermatitis
Broberg A, Engström I, Kalimo K, Reimers L
Thirteen children with severe current atopic dermatitis unresponsive to topical treatment were started on an elimination diet. One child was excluded because she could only keep to the diet for 3 days. Twelve children aged 0.8-4.1 years maintained the diet for 2-4 weeks. In six children the dermatologist's score showed a clear improvement while on diet, in 2 children there was a minor improvement ...
Pages: 365-369
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Interferon-alpha therapy in atopic dermatitis.
Thirteen patients with a severe adult form of atopic dermatitis (AD) received 3.0 x 10(6) IU of recombinant interferon-alpha 2a (rIFN-alpha 2a) 3 times a week. A satisfactory response was obtained in 5 of them. Serum IgE levels in all 13 patients remained unchanged throughout the study. Flu-like symptoms were common, but clinical or laboratory adverse effects were otherwise slight. The moderately ...
Pages: 370-372
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The genetic risk for alopecia areata in first degree relatives of severely affected patients. An estimate.
van der Steen P, Traupe H, Happle R, Boezeman J, Sträter R, Hamm H.
Substantial evidence indicates that genetic factors may have a role in the etiology of alopecia areata (AA). Most studies, however, provide only general information on the familial incidence but fail to specify family relationships. We therefore obtained information on the incidence of AA in first degree relatives of 348 severely affected patients. In 7% one of the parents was affected. Among the ...
Pages: 373-375
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A new case of Zimmermann-Laband syndrome with atypical retinitis pigmentosa.
Koch P, Wettstein A, Knauber J, Zaun H.
This paper reports a case study of a 10-year-old girl exhibiting symptoms of a Zimmermann-Laband syndrome (ZLS), including an ocular involvement not previously observed. In addition to the case reported, we have also discovered 21 patients described in the literature. Major clinical findings, defined as being present in more than 75% of the cases under discussion, are presented.
Pages: 376-379
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The relation between lichen planus and hepatitis C: a case report.
Agner T, Fogh H, Weismann K.
A case of simultaneous occurrence of lichen planus (LP) and hepatitis C in the same patient is presented. The patient had received treatment with interferon alpha for her chronic liver disease, and the association between LP, hepatitis C and interferon alpha treatment is discussed.
Page: 380
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Adjuvant treatment of recalcitrant genitoanal warts with systemic recombinant interferon-alpha-2c.
Höpel RM, Sandbichler M, Zelger BW, Conrad FG, Fritsch PO.
Seventeen male patients with recalcitrant genitoanal warts, who had been unsuccessfully treated with classical destructive modalities for 16 months on average, were included in an open uncontrolled trial. The treatment regimen consisted of caustic and/or surgical measures as judged optimally suited in the individual cases, combined with an intermittent systemic low-dose adjuvant interferon-alpha-2 ...
Pages: 383-386
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The route of rapid access of drugs to the distal nail plate.
Munro CS, Shuster S.
It has recently been shown that antimycotic drugs have unexpectedly rapid access to distal nail, which we have suggested occurs through the site of continuous ventral nail formation along the nail bed. To exclude the alternative possibility of diffusion through the nail plate, we have measured the effect of topical terbinafine cream in onychomycosis. Sustained outward movement of the fungally affe ...
Pages: 387-388
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Chronic aquagenic urticaria.
Gimenez-Arnau A, Serra-Baldrich E, Camarasa JG.
No abstract available.
Page: 389
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Psoriasis: a disease of a thousand key words.
Glinski W.
No abstract available.
Pages: 390-391
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Reticulate hyperpigmentation of Iijima, Naito and Uyeno and other linear hyperpigmentations of children.
Di Lernia V, Patrizi A, Neri I, Varotti C.
Comment on Reticulate hyperpigmentation of Iijima, Naito and Uyeno. A European case. [Acta Derm Venereol. 1991]
Page: 393
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