Activity and participation in home rehabilitation: Older people’s and family members’ perspectives
Kerstin Björkman Randström, Kenneth Asplund, Marianne Svedlund, Margareta Paulson
Department of Health Sciences, Mid Sweden University, 831 25 Östersund, Sweden. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Objective: To explore the experiences of older people and their supporting family members in relation to home rehabilitation, with a focus on activity and participation.
Methods: Qualitative interviews were carried out with 6 older people and 6 family members at 1 and 6 months after the older person’s discharge to their home. Qualitative content analysis of the data was carried out. The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health provides a guiding framework for rehabilitation.
Results: Informants’ experiences of home rehabilitation contributed to the formation of 6 categories: (i) living with a frail body; (ii) striving for well-being in daily life; (iii) being close at hand; (iv) feeling dependent in daily life; (v) struggling to carry on; and (vi) striving to be at home.
Conclusion: Older people’s goals were to return to daily routines and to perform meaningful activities without feeling dependent on other people. Family members’ participation was crucial. Psychosocial support and autonomy were essential for facilitating activity and participation. Healthcare professionals should consider each individual’s unique experiences along with the significance of being at home.
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