Spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage. Prognostic factors for social readjustment
Oder W, Dal Bianco P, Kollegger H, Zeiler K, Binder H, Deecke L.
Department of Neurology, University of Vienna, Austria
Sixty-seven patients surviving spontaneous subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) have been followed up for 2-12 years (mean: 7 years) in order to determine prognostic factors concerning the long-term disability in familial and social functioning. A correlation was found between the severity of the neurological deficit at the time of admission and the degree of familial and social disability at the end of the observation period. In addition, the Barthel-Index on discharge was shown to be of prognostic value for readjustment for social--but not for familial--functioning. Other clinical variables in the acute stage, however, including source of bleeding, sex, age, interval between SAH and admission, level of consciousness, cognitive functions, as well as initial Hunt and Hess grading and Glasgow Coma Scale scoring, did not influence the long-term social prognosis. Furthermore, residual neurological signs, cognitive dysfunctions, and the Glasgow Outcome score on discharge were not related to the extent of social handicap in the long-term outcome. At the end of the observation period, significant correlations were found between the presence of persisting neurological and cognitive deficits but also disability in ADL functions and occupational capacity and the decline in familial and social functioning.
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