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AWARD
The European Academy of Rehabiiltation Medicine Scientific Prize 2016
Dr Kristine Oostra
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ORIGINAL REPORT
System complexities affecting recovery after a minor transport-related injury: The need for a person-centred approach
Stella Samoborec, Darshini Ayton, Rasa Ruseckaite, Gary Winbolt, Sue M. Evans
Objective: To understand clients’ experiences of the recovery journey through the compensation system and to identify areas and strategies for quality improvement. Methods: A qualitative study of 23 participants with physical or mental disabilities caused by traffic accidents, which occurred, on average, 4 years ago. Purposive sampling of long-term recovery clients who made a compensation claim ...
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Effects of mechanical inspiration and expiration exercise on velopharyngeal incompetence in subacute stroke patients
Kyung Won Jang, Sook Joung Lee , Sang Beom Kim, Kyeong Woo Lee, Jong Hwa Lee, Jin Gee Park
Objective: To investigate the therapeutic effects of mechanical inspiration and expiration exercise using mechanical cough assist on velopharyngeal incompetence in patients with subacute stroke. Design: Pilot, randomized controlled study. Setting: University-based rehabilitation centre. Subjects: Thirty-six patients with subacute stroke diagnosed with velopharyngeal incompetence by videofluoros ...
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Early physical and psycho-educational rehabilitation in patients with coronary artery bypass grafting: A randomized controlled trial
Ida Elisabeth Højskov , Philips Moons, Ingrid Egerod, Peter Skov Olsen, Lau Caspar Thygesen , Niels Viggo Hansen, Søren La Cour, Krisitna Hindhede Bech, Britt Borregaard, Christian Gluud, Per Winkel, Jane Lindschou, Selina Kikkenborg Berg
Objectives: Rehabilitation of patients following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) has been widely studied; however, research into early rehabilitation after CABG is sparse. The aim of this trial was to assess the impact of early rehabilitation, compared with usual care in patients following CABG. Design: Randomized controlled trial. Patients: A total of 326 patients treated with CABG. Met ...
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Manually assisted body-weight supported locomotor training does not re-establish walking in non-walking subjects with chronic incomplete spinal cord injury: A randomized clinical trial
Anu Piira, Anne M. Lannem, Marit Sørensen, Thomas Glott, Raymond Knutsen, Lone Jørgensen, Knut Gjesdal, Nils Hjeltnes, Synnøve F. Knutsen
Objective: To assess the effects of manually assisted body-weight supported locomotor training in subjects with chronic incomplete spinal cord injury. Design: Randomized controlled clinical trial. Subjects: Twenty subjects with American Spinal Injury Association Impairment Scale grades C or D and > 2 years post-injury. Methods: Random allocation to 60 days of body-weight supported locomotor ...
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Clinical practice guidelines for the management of brain tumours: A rehabilitation perspective
Woo-Jin Kim, Klara Novotna, Bhasker Amatya, Fary Khan
Objective: To critically appraise published clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) for brain tumours, and to synthesize evidence-based recommendations from a rehabilitation perspective. Methods: A comprehensive literature search included: health science databases, CPG clearinghouse/developer websites, and grey literature up to March 2018. All brain tumour CPGs that reported systematic methods for e ...
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Feasibility and effectiveness of repetitive gait training early after stroke: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Jonas Schröder, Steven Truijen, Tamaya Van Criekinge, Wim Saeys
Background: Pre-clinical evidence suggests a period early after stroke during which the brain is most receptive to rehabilitation, if it is provided as high-dose motor training. Objective: To evaluate the feasibility of repetitive gait training within the first 3 months post-stroke and the effects on gait-specific outcomes. Methods: PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Rehab Data and PEDr ...
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SHORT COMMUNICATION
Sex differences in the gait kinematics of patients with down syndrome: A preliminary report
Matteo Zago, Claudia Condoluci, Massimiliano Pau, Manuela Galli
Objective: Sex-specific medicine requires understanding of the specific therapeutic needs and patho-physiology of men and women. In these terms, we investigated sex-related differences in the gait kinematics of patients with Down syndrome. Design: Retrospective observational cohort study. Subjects: A sample of 230 patients (103 females) aged 7–50 years underwent a standard gait-analysis test ...
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DISSERTATION
Optimizing cardiac rehabilitation
Nienke ter Hoeve
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Contralaterally controlled functional electrical stimulation improves wrist dorsiflexion and upper limb function in patients with early-phase stroke: A randomized controlled trial
Yu Zheng, Mao Mao, Yinghui Cao, Xiao Lu
Objectives: To investigate the effectiveness of contralaterally controlled functional electrical stimulation (CCFES) on the recovery of active wrist dorsiflexion and upper limb function in patients with early-phase stroke (<15 days post-stroke). Methods: Patients in the CCFES group were treated with routine rehabilitation combined with CCFES, while those in the conventional neuromuscular electri ...
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Effect of trunk muscle strengthening on gait pattern and falls in parkinson´s disease
Emma Bestaven, Etienne Guillaud, Mathieu De Sèze, Aupy Jerome, Pierre Burbaud, Jean-René Cazalets, Dominique Guehl
Background: The course of Parkinson’s disease is characterized by gait disturbance and falls, which affect patients’ quality of life and engender high healthcare costs. These factors are not greatly improved by levodopa therapy or deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nuclei. Indeed, the symptoms may even worsen with these treatment. Physiotherapy may be the most appropriate trea ...
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Does electromyographic biofeedback improve exercise effects in hemiplegic patients: A pilot randomized controlled trial
Selcan Arpa, Suheda Ozcakir
Objective: The aim of this pilot randomized study was to assess the efficacy potential of an electromyo-graphic biofeedback-assisted exercise programme on clinical and functional outcomes of hemiplegic patients in comparison with sham electromyogra-phic biofeedback. Patients and methods: Thirty-four patients with hemiplegia were randomized into 2 groups. Both groups participated in an inpatient r ...
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Radial extracorporeal shock wave device appearance does not influence clinical outcomes: A randomized controlled trial
Antoni Morral, Gerard Urrútia, Ignasi Gich, Reme Ruiz, Xavier Bonfill
Objective: To determine whether the appearance of a radial extracorporeal shock wave device affects clinical outcomes in chronic plantar fasciitis. Study design: Randomized controlled parallel assessor-blinded clinical trial. Material and methods: A total of 135 patients were assigned to 3 groups: group I, standard radial extracorporeal shock wave device; group II, standard radial extracorpore ...
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Comparison of short- and mid-term outcomes of Italian- and German-speaking patients after an interdisciplinary pain management programme in Switzerland: A prospective cohort study
Thomas Benz, Susanne Lehmann, Roberto Brioschi, Achim Elfering, André Aeschlimann, Felix Angst
Objective: To quantify and compare the course of health-related quality of life of immigrant native Italian-speaking and German-speaking patients before and after an interdisciplinary pain programme. Design: Prospective cohort study with 1–12 month follow-up. Subjects: Fibromyalgia, generalized widespread pain, and chronic non-specific back pain patients (Italian-speaking n = 96, German-sp ...
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