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AWARD
The European Academy of Rehabiiltation Medicine Scientific Prize 2016
Dr Kristine Oostra
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Radial extracorporeal shock wave device appearance does not influence clinical outcomes: A randomized controlled trial
Antoni Morral, Gerard Urrútia, Ignasi Gich, Reme Ruiz, Xavier Bonfill
Objective: To determine whether the appearance of a radial extracorporeal shock wave device affects clinical outcomes in chronic plantar fasciitis. Study design: Randomized controlled parallel assessor-blinded clinical trial. Material and methods: A total of 135 patients were assigned to 3 groups: group I, standard radial extracorporeal shock wave device; group II, standard radial extracorpore ...
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Impact of pituitary dysfunction on cognitive and global outcome after traumatic brain injury and aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage.
Anna Tölli, Charlotte Höybye, Bo-Michael Bellander, Jörgen Borg
Objective: To explore associations between pituitary dysfunction and clinical outcome at 12 months after traumatic brain injury and aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage. Methods: Prospective cohort study of 82 patients with traumatic brain injury and 45 with aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage, included at one neurointensive care unit. Baseline data comprised age, sex, Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) sco ...
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ORIGINAL REPORT
A protocol for permissive weight-bearing during allied health therapy in surgically treated fractures of the pelvis and lower extremities.
Guido Meys, Pishtiwan H. S. Kalmet, Sebastian Sanduleanu, Yvette Y. van Horn, Geert Jan Maas, Martijn Poeze, Peter R.G. Brink, Henk A.M. Seelen
Objective: To optimize rapid clinical recovery and restoration of function and functionality, permissive weight-bearing has been designed as a new aftercare mobilization regimen, within the upper boundary of the therapeutic bandwidth, yet safe enough to avoid overloading. The aim of the present paper is to describe a comprehensive protocol for permissive weight-bearing during allied health therapy ...
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SPECIAL REPORT
A European Academy of Rehabilitation Medicine Academic Debate: Describing Experienced Health on the Basis of the WHO’s Model of Functioning (ICF) or on the Theory of Social Productivity?
Carlotte Kiekens, Jean-Pierre Didier, Antti Malmivaara, Stefano Negrini, Christoph Gutenbrunner
The first Academic Debate was held within the European Academy of Rehabilitation Medicine (EARM) in Budapest in 2016. The question debated was: is it possible to provide a theory neutral framework to describe the lived experience of health or is there an appropriate theory to understand what constitute the most relevant factors in health (and well-being). First the link between the International C ...
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Evaluation of a short assessment for upper extremity activity capacity early after stroke
Therese Kristersson, Hanna C. Persson, Margit Alt Murphy
Objective: To explore the concurrent validity, responsiveness, and floor- and ceiling-effects of the 2 items of Action Research Arm Test (ARAT-2) in comparison with the original ARAT and the Fugl-Meyer Assessment for Upper Extremity (FMA-UE) during the first 4 weeks post-stroke. Design: A prospective longitudinal cohort study. Subjects: A non-selected cohort of 117 adults with first-ever stroke ...
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Changes in fear-avoidance beliefs and work participation after occupational rehabilitation for musculoskeletal- and common mental disorders: secondary outcomes of two randomized clinical trials
Lene Aasdahl, Sigmund Østgård Gismervik, Gunn Hege Marchand, Ottar Vasseljen, Roar Johnsen, Marius Steiro Fimland
Objectives: To assess: (i) whether changes in the Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire (FABQ) were greater for multicomponent inpatient rehabilitation vs outpatient cognitive behavioural therapy, and (ii) whether baseline scores and changes (pre- to post-intervention) in FABQ were associated with future work-participation. Methods: Individuals sick-listed for 2–12 months were randomized to inpa ...
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Quantifying upper extremity performance with and without assistance of a soft-Robotic glove in the elderly population: a Kinematic Analysis
Anne van Ommeren, Bob Radder, Anke Kottink, Jaap Buurke, Gerdienke Prange-Lasonder, Johan Rietman
Objective: To explore the direct influence of a soft-robotic glove on movement duration and movement execution in elderly people with decreased hand function during a reach-and-grasp task. Design: Cross-sectional study. Patients: Eight subjects, aged 55+ years, with decreased hand function. Methods: The direct effect of the glove was explored using kinematic analysis during a reach-and-grasp ta ...
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Predictors of chronic pain intensity, spread, and sensitivity in the general population: A two-year follow-up study from the SWEPAIN cohort
Britt Larsson, Elena Dragioti, Anna Grimby-Ekman, Björn Gerdle, Jonas Björk
Objective: To determine whether the intensity, spread and sensitivity of chronic pain can be predicted using demographic features, socioeconomic conditions and comorbidities. Design: A longitudinal study design was employed. Data was collected at baseline and at 2-year follow-up. Setting: General population in south-eastern Sweden. Subjects: A representative stratified random sample of 34,000 i ...
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SHORT COMMUNICATION
Spastic co-contraction, rather that spasticity, is associated with impaired active function in adults with acquired brain injury: A pilot study
Alexandre Chalard, David Amarantini, Joseph Tisseyre, Philipe Marque, Jessica Tallet, David Gasq
Objective: To elucidate the adverse consequences of spasticity and spastic co-contraction of elbow flexors on motor impairment and upper limb functional limitation. Design: A pilot case-controlled prospective observational study. Subjects: Ten brain-injured adults, and 10 healthy controls. Methods: The co-contraction index was computed from electromyographic recordings of elbow flexors during s ...
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Clinical characteristics and physical functioning in persons hospitalized following the Norwegian terror attacks in July 2011: A follow up study
Grethe Månum, Marianne Løvstad, Kristin Wisløff-Aase, Johan Ræder, Anne-Kristine Schanke, Ingar Larsen, Grete Dyb, Øivind Ekeberg, Johan K. Stanghelle
Objective: To describe the clinical characteristics and physical functioning in persons hospitalized after 2 terror attacks in Norway in 2011. Design: Cross-sectional study with retrospective acute medical data. Subjects: Surviving persons hospitalized with physical injuries. Methods: Medical and psychological assessments 3–4 years after injury, with data on injury type and severity collecte ...
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Chronic kidney disease is associated with physical impairment
Background: Physical impairment or frailty due to sarcopaenia is common in patients with chronic kidney disease and those receiving dialysis. This study examined the association between muscle weakness and kidney function in Japanese patients with chronic kidney disease. Methods: A total of 23 stable outpatients were enrolled in the study. Several indices were used to assess muscle function; hand ...
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Finger soaking enhances effects of light touch on reducing body sway in children with developmental coordination disorder
Fu-Chen Chen, Li-Liang Li, Chia-Hua Chu, Chien-Yu Pan, Chia-Liang Tsai
Objectives: To compare sensitivity to light touch in children with developmental coordination disorder and those with typical development. Also, to investigate how changes/increases in sensitivity to light touch influence the effects of light fingertip touch on reducing body sway in both groups, while controlling for the confounding effects of arm configuration. Methods: Twenty-six children with ...
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Touch on predefined areas on the forearm can be associated with specific fingers: Towards a new principle for sensory feedback in hand prostheses
Ulrika Wijk, Pamela Svensson, Christian Antfolk, Ingela K. Carlsson, Anders Björkman, Birgitta Rosén
Objective: Currently available hand prostheses lack sensory feedback. A “phantom hand map”, a referred sensation, on the skin of the residual arm is a possible target to provide amputees with non-invasive somatotopically matched sensory feedback. How-ever, not all amputees experience a phantom hand map. The aim of this study was to explore whether touch on predefined areas on the forearm can b ...
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SHORT COMMUNICATION
Concordance between the Awareness Questionnaire and Self-Awareness of Deficits Interview for identifying impaired self-awareness in individuals with traumatic brain injury in the community
Tamara Ownsworth, Jennifer Fleming, Emmah Doig, David H.K. Shum, Sarah Swan
Objective: To investigate concordance between the Awareness Questionnaire (AQ) and Self-Awareness of Deficits Interview (SADI) for identifying impaired self-awareness in the community after traumatic brain injury. Design: A retrospective file audit was conducted to retrieve data on the AQ and SADI for participants with traumatic brain injury involved in previous studies on community-based outcom ...
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Safety and efficacy of recovery-promoting drugs for motor function after stroke: A systematic review of randomised controlled trials
Nerida Firth, Ruth N. Barker, Kathryn S. Hayward, Julie Bernhardt, Michelle Bellingan, Ronny Gunnarsson
Objective: To investigate the efficacy and safety of drug interventions to promote motor recovery post-stroke. Data sources: CENTRAL, CINAHL, Embase, MEDLINE, SCOPUS and Web of Science. Study selection: Published human randomized controlled trials in which the primary intervention was a drug administered to promote motor recovery post-stroke, vs placebo. Data extraction: Standardized pro forma ...
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Health, functioning and accessibility among spinal cord injury population in Finland: Protocol for the FinSCI study
Susanna Tallqvist, Heidi Anttila, Mauri Kallinen, Eerika Koskinen, Harri Hämäläinen, Anna-Maija Kauppila, Anni Täckman, Aki Vainionpää, Jari Arokoski, Sinikka Hiekkala
Background and purpose: The purpose of the Finnish Spinal Cord Injury Study (FinSCI) is to identify factors related to the health and functioning of people with spinal cord injury, their challenges with accessibility, and how such factors are interconnected. The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) is used as a structured framework in the study. Design: Protoco ...
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Factors affecting outcome in participation one year after stroke: a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial
Martha Gustavsson, Susanne Guidetti, Gunilla Eriksson, Lena von Koch, Charlotte Ytterberg
Objective: To explore the importance of client characteristics (age, sex, stroke severity and participation before stroke), rehabilitation context (in-patient or client’s home) and approach (enhanced client-centeredness or not) on participation in every-day life after stroke. Methods: A secondary analysis of data on 237 participants from a previous randomized controlled trial evaluating an enh ...
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Exploring social participants in young adults with cerebral palsy
Dan N.O. Jacobson, Kristina Löwing, Emma Hjalmarsson, Kristina Tedroff
Objectives: To describe social outcomes for young adults with cerebral palsy, and to explore associations of social outcomes with their classification levels within the Gross Motor Function, Manual Ability and Communication Function Classification Systems, and with the presence of intellectual disability. Design: A cross-sectional study with a population-based inclusion approach at a neuropaediat ...
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Effectiveness of neuromuscular electrical stimulation for reducing oedema: A systematic review
Louise C. Burgess, Tikki Immins, Ian Swain, Thomas W. Wainwright
Objective: This systematic review aimed to assess the clinical impact of neuromuscular electrical stimulation as a treatment modality for patients with oedema. Data sources and study selection: PubMed was searched up to July 2018 for randomized and non-randomized clinical trials comparing neuromuscular electrical stimulation vs no stimulation following the formation of oedema. A modified Downs a ...
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