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Content - Volume 40, Issue 2

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ORIGINAL REPORT
Comparison of individual, group and combined intevention formats in a randomized controlled trial for facilitating goal attainment and improving psychosocial function following acquired brain injury
Tamara Ownsworth, Jennifer Fleming, David Shum, Pim Kuipers, Jenny Strong
Objective: To compare individual, group and combined intervention formats for improving goal attainment and psychosocial function following acquired brain injury. Design: Randomized controlled trial, waiting list controls. Participants: Thirty-five participants with a mean time of 5.29 years (standard deviation = 3.9) since acquired brain injury were randomly allocated into 6 groups involving an i ...
Pages: 81-88
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The complexity of participation in daily life: A qualitative study of the experiences of persons with acquired brain injury
Anna Häggström, Maria Larsson Lund
Objective: To describe and enhance the understanding of how adults with acquired brain injury experience participation in daily life. Patients and methods: Qualitative interviews with 11 persons of working age with acquired brain injuries were analysed using qualitative content analysis. Results: The informants’ experiences formed 5 categories: “Performing tasks”; “Making dec ...
Pages: 89-95
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Impact of internal capsule lesions on outcome of motor hand function at one year post-stroke
Sven Schiemanck, Gert Kwakkel, Marcel WM Post, Jaap L Kappelle, Arie JH Prevo
Objective: To investigate the association between damage to different levels of the corticofugal tract and long-term hand motor recovery. Design: Prospective cohort study. Patients: Seventy-five first-ever middle cerebral artery stroke survivors. Methods: Hand motor function was assessed with the Fugl-Meyer Motor Assessment Scale at one year post-stroke. Localization of the corticofugal tract w ...
Pages: 96-101
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Mapping the Stroke Impact Scale (SIS-16) to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health
Carolina Moriello, Kerry Byrne, Alarcos Cieza, Caryn Nash, Paul Stolee, Nancy Mayo
Objective: To demonstrate how the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) can be used to create coded functional status indicators specific for stroke from a simple stroke-specific functional index, the Stroke Impact Scale-16 (SIS-16). Subjects: Nineteen professionals for the mapping portion and 8 persons with stroke for the cognitive debriefing portion. Methods: ...
Pages: 102-106
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Isotonic and isometric contractions exert the same amount of corticomotor system excitability in healthy subjects and patients after stroke
Hartwig Woldag, Caroline Renner, Horst Hummelsheim
Objective: Active, voluntary training of the centrally paretic upper limb is crucial for functional recovery after brain damage. The aim of this study was to determine whether the type of voluntary contraction has a differential influence on corticomotor system excitability in healthy subjects and patients after stroke. Design: Experimental cross-sectional study. Subjects: Fifteen healthy volunt ...
Pages: 107-111
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Social, intimate and sexual relationships of adolescents with cerebral palsy compared with able-bodied age-mates
Diana Wiegerink, Marij E. Roebroeck, Mireille Donkervoort, Peggy T Cohen-Kettenis, Henk J. Stam
Objective: To describe the social, intimate and sexual relationships of Dutch adolescents with cerebral palsy compared with their able-bodied age mates. Design: Cross-sectional study. Subjects: A total of 103 adolescents with cerebral palsy without severe learning problems aged 16–20 years. Methods: We used a structured interview and questionnaires to assess subject characteristics such ...
Pages: 112-118
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Patients with acute spinal cord injury benefit from normocapnic hyperpnoea training
Siska Van Houtte, Yves Vanlandewijck, Carlotte Kiekens, Christina M. Spengler, Rik Gosselink
Background: Functional loss of respiratory muscles in persons with spinal cord injury leads to impaired pulmonary function and respiratory complications. In addition, respiratory complications are responsible for 50–67% of the morbidity in this population. Objective: To investigate the effects of normocapnic hyperpnoea training in acute spinal cord injury. Patients and methods: Fourteen p ...
Pages: 119-125
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Quality of life of traumatic spinal cord injured patients in Hong Kong
Yong Hu, Joseph NF Mak, Yat Wa Wong, John CY Leong, Keith DK Luk
Objective: To assess the health-related quality of life of patients with traumatic spinal cord injury living in Hong Kong. Design: A cross-sectional retrospective study. Subjects: Subjects with paraplegia following traumatic spinal cord injury were recruited from our department, which is one of the 3 main regional spinal cord injury rehabilitation centres in Hong Kong. A total of 120 potential p ...
Pages: 126-131
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Manual dexterity in hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy type 1a: Severity of limitations and feasibility and reliability of 2 assessment instruments
Annemieke J. Videler, Anita Beelen, Ivo N. van Schaik, Marianne de Visser, Frans Nollet
Objective: To assess the prevalence and significance of impaired manual dexterity in hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy type 1a (HMSN 1a), with the Sollerman hand function and the Functional Dexterity test, and compare the reliability and agreement of the tests. Design: Descriptive cross-sectional study. Subjects: Forty-nine subjects with HMSN 1a. Results: Forty-six (94%) subjects had an a ...
Pages: 132-136
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A randomized controlled trial of aquatic and land-based exercise in patients with knee osteoarthritis
Hans Lund, Ulla Weile, Robin Christensen, Benedicte Rostock, Anne Downey, Else Marie Bartels, Bente Danneskiold-Samsø, Henning Bliddal
Objective: To compare the efficacy of aquatic exercise and a land-based exercise programme vs control in patients with knee osteoarthritis. Methods: Primary outcome was change in pain, and in addition Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score questionnaire (KOOS). Standing balance and strength was also measured after and at 3-month follow-up. Seventy-nine patients (62 women), with a mean age o ...
Pages: 137-144
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Effects of deep and superficial heating in the management of frozen shoulder
May S. F. Leung, Gladys L.Y. Cheing
Objectives: To determine whether the addition of deep or superficial heating to stretching produces better clinical outcomes than stretching alone in the management of frozen shoulder. Design: A single-blinded, randomized controlled study. Subjects: Thirty subjects suffering from the stiffness phase of frozen shoulder. Methods: Subjects were randomly allocated to receive: (i) deep heating plus ...
Pages: 145-150
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Vitality, perceived social support and disease activity determine the performance of social roles in recently diagnosed multiple sclerosis: A longitudinal analysis
Vincent de Groot, Heleen Beckerman, Jos W. Twisk, Bernard M. Uitdehaag, Rogier Q. Hintzen, Arjan Minneboo, Gustaaf Lankhorst, Chris H. Polman, Lex M Bouter
Objective: The aim of this study was to identify the principal determinants that are longitudinally associated with the performance of social roles in the first 3 years following a diagnosis of multiple sclerosis. Design: Inception cohort with 5 measurements over 3 years. Patients: A total of 156 patients recently diagnosed with multiple sclerosis. Method: Performance of social roles was measur ...
Pages: 151-157
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