Content

Content - Volume 45, Issue 1

Editors choice in this issue

REVIEW ARTICLE
The reporting of blinding in physical medicine and rehabilitation randomized controlled trials: A systematic review
Mauricio F. Villamar, Vanessa Suárez Contreras , Richard E. Kuntz, Felipe Fregni
Objective: To conduct a systematic review evaluating the reporting of blinding in randomized controlled trials published in the field of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation over two time periods. Data sources: We searched MEDLINE via PubMed for all randomized controlled trials published in American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, ...
Pages: 6-13
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All articles

SPECIAL REPORT
Spectrum of topics for World congresses and other activities of the International Society for Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (ISPRM): A first proposal
Christoph Gutenbrunner, Anthony B. Ward, Leonard S.W. Li, Jianan Li, Manuel Guzman, Veronika Fialka-Moser, Guy Vanderstraeten, Marta Imamura, Gerold Stucki
Background: One of the objectives of the International Society for Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine is to improve the continuity of World Congresses. This requires the development of an abstract topic list for use in congress announcements and abstract submissions. Methods: An abstract topic list was developed on the basis of the definitions of human functioning and rehabilitation research, ...
Pages: 1-5
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REVIEW ARTICLE
The reporting of blinding in physical medicine and rehabilitation randomized controlled trials: A systematic review
Mauricio F. Villamar, Vanessa Suárez Contreras , Richard E. Kuntz, Felipe Fregni
Objective: To conduct a systematic review evaluating the reporting of blinding in randomized controlled trials published in the field of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation over two time periods. Data sources: We searched MEDLINE via PubMed for all randomized controlled trials published in American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, ...
Pages: 6-13
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Psychometric evidence of spasticity measurement tools in cerebral palsy children and adolescents: A systematic review
Véronique H. Flamand, Hugo Massé-Alarie, Cyril Schneider
Objective: To conduct a systematic review using validated critical appraisal scales to analyze both the quality and content of the psychometric evidence of spasticity measurement tools in cerebral palsy children and adolescents. Data Sources: The literature search was performed in 3 databases (Pubmed, CINAHL, Embase) up to March 2012. Study Selection: To be retained for detailed review, studies ...
Pages: 14-23
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Selection for inpatient rehabilitation after severe stroke: What factors influence rehabilitation assessor decision-making?
Sharon Hakkennes , Keith D. Hill, Kim Brock, Julie Bernhardt, Leonid Churilov
Objectives: This study aimed to identify factors that assessors considered important in decision-making regarding suitability for inpatient rehabilitation after acute severe stroke. Design: Multi-site prospective observational cohort study. Subjects: Consecutive acute, severe stroke patients and their assessors for inpatient rehabilitation. Methods: Rehabilitation assessors completed a questio ...
Pages: 24-31
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Factors associated with change in aerobic capacity following an exercise program for individuals with stroke
Ada Tang, Susan Marzolini, Paul Oh, William E. McIlroy, Dina Brooks
Objective: Community exercise programs are effective in improving aerobic capacity after stroke, but individual variability in training responses has not previously been studied. This study examined explanatory factors for post-program responses in aerobic capacity (VO2peak) with respect to training parameters and participant characteristics. Design: Secondary analysis of data from a prospective ...
Pages: 32-37
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Relationship between cognitive and motor performance in physically well-recovered men with traumatic brain injury
Jaana Sarajuuri, Matti Pasanen, Marjo Rinne, Matti Vartiainen, Tommi Lehto, Hannu Alaranta
Objective: To explore the relationship between cognitive and motor performance in physically well-recovered men with traumatic brain injury. Design: Cross-sectional explorative study in a national neurorehabilitation centre. Subjects: Men with post-acute traumatic brain injury (n = 34; aged 19–55 years) who had recovered well physically. Methods: Cognitive performance (attention, ...
Pages: 38-46
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Comparison of multidirectional seated postural stability between individuals with spinal cord injury and able-bodied individuals
Cindy Gauthier, Dany Gagnon, Murielle Grangeon, Géraldine Jacquemin , Sylvie Nadeau, Kei Masani, Milos R. Popovic
Objectives: To compare multidirectional seated postural stability between individuals with spinal cord injury and able-bodied- individuals and to evaluate the impact of abdominal and low back muscle paralysis on multidirectional seated stability. Design: Case-control study. Participants: Fifteen individuals with complete or incomplete spinal cord injury affecting various vertebral levels partic ...
Pages: 47-54
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Potential of the smart balance master system to assess standing balance in people with incomplete spinal cord injury
Jean-François Lemay, Sylvie Nadeau
Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the concurrent validity of the Smart Balance Master (SBM) tests in individuals with incomplete spinal cord injury. Design: Correlational study. Subjects: A total of 32 individuals with an American Spinal Injury Association Impairment Scale D spinal cord injury able to walk 10 m independently, with or without walking assistive devices. Methods ...
Pages: 55-60
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Measure for the assessment of confidence with manual wheelchair use (WheelCon-M) version 2.1: Reliability and validity
Paula W. Rushton, William C. Miller, R. Lee Kirby, Janice J. Eng
Objective: To evaluate the measurement properties of the Wheelchair Use Confidence Scale for manual wheelchair users version 2.1 (WheelCon-M 2.1). Design: Cohort study. Participants: Volunteer sample of 83 community-dwelling, experienced manual wheelchair users. Methods: Participants completed the WheelCon-M 2.1 twice to assess retest reliability. Validity was assessed by evaluating hypothesiz ...
Pages: 61-67
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ORIGINAL REPORT
The first 10 years with multiple sclerosis: The longitudinal course of daily functioning
Heleen Beckerman, Jiska C. E. Kempen, Dirk L. Knol, Chris H. Polman, Gustaaf J. Lankhorst, Vincent de Groot
Objective: To determine the course of daily functioning in patients with multiple sclerosis in the 10 years after their definite diagnosis. Methods: A long-term prospective follow-up study including an incidence cohort of 156 patients with multiple sclerosis. Participants were examined systematically, beginning immediately after definite diagnosis, then at the following time-points: 6 months, 1, ...
Pages: 68-75
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Low back pain associated with sociodemographic factors, lifestyle and osteoporosis: A population-based study
Yi-Chun Chou, Chun-Chuan Shih, Jaung-Geng Lin, Ta-Liang Chen, Chien-Chang Liao
Objective: To investigate the prevalence and factors associated with low back pain among adults in Taiwan. Methods: The National Health Interview Survey, a cross-sectional study, was conducted from October 2002 to March 2003 to gather data from 24,435 adults aged 20 years and older selected randomly from Taiwan’s general population. Participants with history of low back pain were assessed using ...
Pages: 76-80
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ORIGINAL REPORT
What are frail older people prepared to endure to achieve improved mobility following hip fracture? A Discrete Choice Experiment
Rachel Milte, Julie Ratcliffe, Michelle Miller, Craig Whitehead, Ian D. Cameron, Maria Crotty
Objective: To investigate the preferences of frail older people for individualised multidisciplinary rehabilitation to promote recovery from a hip fracture. Design: Discrete Choice Experiment. Setting: Acute and Rehabilitation Hospitals in Adelaide, South Australia. Subjects: Eighty-seven patients with recent hip fracture (16 living in residential care facilities prior to fracture). Methods: ...
Pages: 81-86
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Evalution of Mulligan’s technique for adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder
Gokhan Doner, Zeynep Guven, Ayçe Atalay, Reyhan Celiker
Objective: To evaluate Mulligan’s technique for relieving pain and improving functional capacity of the shoulder in patients with adhesive capsulitis in the stiffness phase. Design: Randomized controlled study. Methods: A total of 40 subjects were randomly allocated into 2 groups: (i) group 1 (n = 20) were treated with hot pack, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, and pass ...
Pages: 87-91
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Does clinical rehabilitation impose sufficient cardiorespiratory strain to improve aerobic fitness?
Anitra D.M. Koopman, Maaike M. Eken , Tijs van Bezeij , Linda J.M. Valent, Han Houdijk
Objective: To investigate the cardiorespiratory strain experienced by patients over a day and during different types of rehabilitation therapies during a clinical rehabilitation programme. In addition, to investigate the use of the Borg scale as an instrument to monitor exercise intensity. Design: An observational, cross-sectional study. Setting: Rehabilitation centre in the Netherlands. Parti ...
Pages: 92-98
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Reliability and validity of the Paediatric Volitional Questionnaire – Chinese version
Li-Ting Liu, Ay-Woan Pan, Lyinn Chung, Susan Shur-Fen Gau, Jessica Kramer, Jin-Shei Lai
Objective: The purpose of this study is to examine the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the Paediatric Volitional Questionnaire (PVQ-C) for use amongst preschoolers in Taiwan. Methods: Forty preschoolers with developmental delays were randomly selected from northern Taiwan, along with another 40 typically developing preschoolers. The data was analysed using Rasch measurement mode ...
Pages: 99-104
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SHORT COMMUNICATION
Relationship between lower limb muscle strength and 6-minute walk test performance in stroke patients
Didier Pradon, Nicolas Roche, Lievyn Enette, Raphaël Zory
Objective: The aim of this study was to determine if lower limb muscle strength and/or spasticity are related to performance in the 6-min walk test (6MWT) in stroke patients. Methods: A total of 24 patients (12 males and 12 females) participated in the study. Muscle strength (Medical Research Council (MRC) scale) and spasticity (modified Ashworth scale) were assessed prior to the 6MWT. Heart rat ...
Pages: 105-108
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