Content

Content - Volume 47, Issue 7

Editors choice in this issue

ORIGINAL REPORT
Development and cognitive testing of the Nottwil Environmental Factors Inventory in Canada, Switzerland, and the USA
Sibylle Juvalta , Marcel W.M. Post, Susan Charlifue, Luc Noreau, Gale Whiteneck, Frédéric S. Dumont, Jan D. Reinhardt
Objective: To develop and pre-test the Nottwil Environmental Factors Inventory (NEFI), a questionnaire assessing the perceived impact of environmental factors on specific areas of participation (productive life, social life, and community life) experienced by people with spinal cord injury. Subjects/patients: Thirty-seven participants with spinal cord injury in Canada, Switzerland and the USA. Met ...
Pages: 618-625
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Quality of evidence of rehabilitation interventions in long-term care for people with severe disorders of consciousness after brain injury: A systematic review
Hanna Klingshirn, Eva Grill, Andreas Bender, Ralf Strobl, Rene Mittrach, Kathrin Braitmayer, Martin Müller
Objective: To characterize existing rehabilitation interventions for patients with disorders of consciousness in long-term care and to evaluate the quality of evidence of these interventions. Data sources: Databases MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, the Cochrane Library, CareLit and SoLit from January 2003 until July 2013. Study selection: Studies were selected that focused on rehabilitation interventio ...
Pages: 577-585
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SPECIAL REPORT
Rehabilitation needs of the survivors of the 2013 Ya’an earthquake in China
Cecilia Wai Ping Li-Tsang, Cheng Qi He, Amy Gee Wai Lo, Sai Jun Ding, Xue Deng, Yong Hong Yang, Yu Ting Zhang
Objective: To determine the physical, functional and psychosocial rehabilitation needs of the injured survivors of the 2013 earthquake in Ya’an, China. Design: Cross-sectional survey. Methods: A total of 143 injured survivors (80 males, 63 females, mean age 41.4 years (standard deviation (SD) 20.2)) were recruited for the study. A questionnaire was designed to collect their demographic an ...
Pages: 586-592
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SPECIAL REPORT
Prevalence of disability and rehabilitation needs amongst adult hospitalized patients in a Moroccan university hospital
Abderrazak Hajjioui, Maryam Fourtassi, Chakib Nejjari
Objectives: To investigate the prevalence of disabilities amongst adult hospitalized patients and to estimate their specific needs for rehabilitation support. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in a Moroccan university hospital. A total of 411 patients were included, and assessed for impairments, activity limitations and participation restrictions through medical examination and struc ...
Pages: 593-598
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Course of social support and relationships between social support and patients’ depressive symptoms in the first 3 years post-stroke
Willeke J. Kruithof, Marcel W.M. Post, Christel M. van Leeuwen, Vera P.M. Schepers, Geertrudis A.M. van den Bos, Johanna M. A. Visser-Meily
Objective: To describe the course of social support (everyday support, support in problem situations and esteem support) from initial inpatient rehabilitation until 3 years post-stroke and to examine the cross-sectional and longitudinal relationships of social support with depressive symptoms. Design: Prospective cohort study. Subjects: A total of 249 stroke patients. Methods: Depressive symp ...
Pages: 599-604
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ORIGINAL REPORT
A ”client-centred activities of daily living” intervention for persons with stroke: One-year follow-up of a randomized controlled trial
Susanne Guidetti, Maria Ranner , Kerstin Tham, Magnus Andersson, Charlotte Ytterberg, Lena von Koch
Objective: To compare changes regarding perceived participation, independence in activities of daily living (ADL) and life satisfaction between 3, 6 and 12 months after inclusion in a study of a client-centred ADL intervention and usual ADL intervention after stroke. Design: A multicentre randomized controlled trial. Methods: Sixteen rehabilitation units were randomly assigned to provide clien ...
Pages: 605-611
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Effects of premorbid physical activity on stroke severity and post-stroke functioning
Marie Helene Ursin, Hege Ihle-Hansen, Brynjar Fure, Arnljot Tveit, Astrid Bergland
Objective: To explore the impact of premorbid physical activity on stroke severity and functioning, measured by activities of daily living, gait and balance during the acute period of first-ever stroke and at one-year follow-up. Methods: Acute phase and one-year follow-up registrations of 183 patients with first-ever stroke or transient ischaemic attack were included in the study. Gender, age, ed ...
Pages: 612-617
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Development and cognitive testing of the Nottwil Environmental Factors Inventory in Canada, Switzerland, and the USA
Sibylle Juvalta , Marcel W.M. Post, Susan Charlifue, Luc Noreau, Gale Whiteneck, Frédéric S. Dumont, Jan D. Reinhardt
Objective: To develop and pre-test the Nottwil Environmental Factors Inventory (NEFI), a questionnaire assessing the perceived impact of environmental factors on specific areas of participation (productive life, social life, and community life) experienced by people with spinal cord injury. Subjects/patients: Thirty-seven participants with spinal cord injury in Canada, Switzerland and the USA. Met ...
Pages: 618-625
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Early access to vocational rehabilitation for spinal cord injury inpatients
James W. Middleton, Deborah Johnston, Gregory Murphy, Kumaran Ramakrishnan, Nerida Savage, Rachel Harper, Jacquelyn Compton , Ian D. Cameron
Objectives: To describe a novel early vocational rehabilitation programme (In-Voc) for inpatients with spinal cord injury and to report early vocational outcomes. Design: Observational longitudinal cohort study. Subjects: One hundred adults with spinal cord injury admitted to spinal units in Sydney, Australia within a 24-month period. Methods: In-Voc was offered to all inpatients within the fi ...
Pages: 626-631
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Influence of balance surface on ankle stabilizing muscle activity in subjects with chronic ankle instability.
Roel De Ridder, Tine Willems, Jos Vanrenterghem, Philip Roosen
Objective: To evaluate the effect of balance surface type on muscle activity of ankle stabilizing muscles in subjects with chronic ankle instability. Design: Case-controlled, repeated-measures study design. Subjects: Twenty-eight subjects with chronic ankle instability and 28 healthy controls. Methods: Subjects performed a barefooted single-legged stance on uniaxial and multidirectional unstab ...
Pages: 632-638
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Aerobic and cardiovascular autonomic adaptations to moderate intensity endurance exercise in patients with fibromyalgia
Ellen Marie Bardal, Karin Roeleveld, Paul Jarle Mork
Objective: To investigate whether moderate intensity endurance exercise has similar effects on cardiovascular fitness and autonomic function in patients with fibromyalgia and healthy controls. Design: Case-control intervention study. Subjects: Twenty-five female patients with fibromyalgia and 25 age- and sex-matched healthy controls (age range 40–64 years) were recruited to the study. Fifte ...
Pages: 639-646
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Increased knee muscle strength is associated with decreased activity limitations in established knee osteoarthritis: Two-year follow-up study in the Amsterdam osteoarthritis cohort
Diana C. Sanchez-Ramirez, Marike van der Leeden, Martin van der Esch, Leo D. Roorda, Sabine Verschueren, Jaap van Dieën , Willem F. Lems, Joost Dekker
Objective: To examine the association between changes in knee muscle strength (extensor and flexor muscles separately, and mean values) and changes in activity limitations in patients with established knee osteoarthritis at 2 years. Methods: Data from 186 patients with knee osteoarthritis, part of the Amsterdam Osteoarthritis cohort, were gathered at baseline and at 2-year follow-up. Strength of t ...
Pages: 647-654
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Rasch analysis of the Chronic Pain Acceptance Questionnaire Revised in people with knee osteoarthritis
Bryan J. Moreton, David A. Walsh, Katie V. Turner, Nadina B. Lincoln
Objective: To examine the measurement properties of the Chronic Pain Acceptance Questionnaire Revised (CPAQ-R) and its subscales with people with knee osteoarthritis using Rasch analysis. Design: Cross-sectional questionnaire study. Patients: A total of 176 participants with radiographic evidence of osteoarthritis of the knee, as identified by a Kellgren-Lawrence grade ≥ 2, and pai ...
Pages: 655-661
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Concepts of capacity and performance in assessment of functioning amongst stroke survivors: A comparison of the Functional Independence Measure and the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health
Sinikka Tarvonen-Schröder , Katri Laimi, Tommi Kauko , Mikhail Saltychev
Objective: To investigate the use of concepts of capacity and performance when assessing functioning of stroke survivors, measured with the Functional Independence Measure (FIM) and the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Methods: During an inpatient interdisciplinary rehabilitation programme for 62 subacute stroke survivors, limitations in speaking, walking ...
Pages: 662-664
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SHORT COMMUNICATION
Computerized training improves verbal working memory in patients with myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome: A pilot study
Daniel Maroti, Annika Fryxell Westerberg, Jean-Michel Saury, Indre Bileviciute-Ljungar
Objective: Patients with myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome experience cognitive difficulties. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of computerized training on working memory in this syndrome. Design: Non-randomized (quasi-experimental) study with no-treatment control group and non-equivalent dependent variable design in a myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue synd ...
Pages: 665-668
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CASE REPORT
Heterotopic ossification in a tetraplegic patient with prolonged fever
Ji Won Lee, Yoon Sik Jo, Jae Sung Park, Jong Moon Kim, Shin Kyoung Kim
Objective: Prolonged fever is rare in patients with spinal cord injury. Fever has been shown to be associated with hetero-topic ossification, but prolonged fever is very rare. We report here a case of prolonged fever in a tetraplegic patient who was eventually diagnosed with heterotrophic ossification, and provide a review of the literature. Treatment with sodium etidronate resolved the fever. Ca ...
Pages: 669-671
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LETTER TO THE EDITOR
The challenge of assessment in rehabilitation
Thierry M. Lejeune, Gaëtan G. Stoquart
Abstract is missing (Letter)
Pages: 672-672
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