Content

Content - Volume 47, Issue 8

Editors choice in this issue

REVIEW ARTICLE
Low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for patients with aphasia after stoke: A meta-analysis
Yi Li , Yun Qu, Mengwei Yuan , Tianhui Du
Objective: To perform a meta-analysis of studies investigating the effects of low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation on post-stroke aphasia. Data sources: Studies were identified by performing a search of electronic databases (MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), and Web of Knowledge) for articles published until June 2014. Study selectio ...
Pages: 675-681
Scientific Abstract  HTML  PDF

All articles

EDITORIAL
Supporting rehabilitation in developing countries
M. Anne Chamberlain, Alan Tennant
No abstract available.
Pages: 673-674
Scientific Abstract  HTML  PDF
REVIEW ARTICLE
Low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for patients with aphasia after stoke: A meta-analysis
Yi Li , Yun Qu, Mengwei Yuan , Tianhui Du
Objective: To perform a meta-analysis of studies investigating the effects of low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation on post-stroke aphasia. Data sources: Studies were identified by performing a search of electronic databases (MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), and Web of Knowledge) for articles published until June 2014. Study selectio ...
Pages: 675-681
Scientific Abstract  HTML  PDF
SPECIAL REPORT
A rehabilitation training partnership in Madagascar
Sonia Andrianabela, Ram Hariharan, Helen L. Ford, M. Anne Chamberlain
We describe here the development of a mid-level training programme for doctors in Madagascar to direct regional and national rehabilitation services. Eight doctors enrolled and all gained their diplomas and have gone on to form the Association of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine of Madagascar, which is leading further training and service developments. The course was specific to Madagascar’s ...
Pages: 682-687
Scientific Abstract  HTML  PDF
SPECIAL REPORT
Rehabilitation in Madagascar: Challenges in implementing the World Health Organization Disability Action Plan
Fary Khan, Bhasker Amatya, Hasheem Mannan , Frederick M. Burkle, Mary P. Galea
Objective: To provide an update on rehabilitation in Madagascar by using local knowledge to outline the potential barriers and facilitators for implementation of the World Health Organization (WHO) Disability Action Plan (DAP). Methods: A 14-day extensive workshop programme (September–October 2014) was held at the University Hospital Antananarivo and Antsirabe, with the Department of Health Mad ...
Pages: 688-696
Scientific Abstract  HTML  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
Reliability and validity of the modified sphygmomanometer test for the assessment of strength of upper limb muscles after stroke
Júlia Caetano Martins, Luci Fuscaldi Teixeira-Salmela, Lucas Araújo Castro e Souza, Larissa Tavares Aguiar, Eliza Maria Lara, Juliana Braga Moura, Christina Danielli Coelho de Morais Faria
Objective: To investigate the reliability (test-retest and inter-rater) and criterion-related validity of the modified sphygmomanometer test (MST) for the assessment of upper limb muscle strength in subjects with chronic stroke, and to determine whether the results are affected by the number of trials. Patients and methods: The strength of 11 upper limb muscle groups of 57 subjects with stroke w ...
Pages: 697-705
Scientific Abstract  HTML  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
Isometric and isokinetic muscle strength in the upper extremity can be reliably measured in persons with chronic stroke
Elisabeth Ekstrand, Jan Lexell, Christina Brogårdh
Objective: To evaluate the test-retest reliability of isometric and isokinetic muscle strength measurements in the upper extremity after stroke. Design: A test-retest design. Subjects: Forty-five persons with mild to moderate paresis in the upper extremity > 6 months post-stroke. Methods: Isometric arm strength (shoulder abduction, elbow flexion), isokinetic arm strength (elbow extension ...
Pages: 706-713
Scientific Abstract  HTML  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
Accelerometric assessment of different dimensions of natural walking during the first year after stroke: Recovery of amount, distribution, quality and speed of walking
Marina Castel Sánchez , Johannes Bussmann, Wim Janssen, Herwin Horemans, Sebastian Chastin, Majanka Heijenbrok, Henk Stam
Objectives: To describe the course of walking behaviour over a period of 1 year after stroke, using accelerometry, and to compare 1-year data with those from a healthy group. Design: One-year follow-up cohort study. Subjects: Twenty-three stroke patients and 20 age-matched healthy subjects. Methods: Accelerometer assessments were made in the participants’ daily environment for 8 h/day during ...
Pages: 714-721
Scientific Abstract  HTML  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
Longitudinal association between respiratory muscle strength and cough capacity in persons with spinal cord injury: An explorative analysis of data from a randomized controlled trial
Karin Postma, Lonneke Y Vlemmix, Janneke A. Haisma, Sonja de Groot, Tebbe A. R. Sluis, Henk J. Stam, Johannes B. J. Bussmann
Objective: To assess the longitudinal association between respiratory muscle strength and cough capacity in persons with recent spinal cord injury. Design: Longitudinal analyses. Subjects: Forty persons with recent spinal cord injury and impaired pulmonary function. Methods: Measurements were performed 4 weeks after the start of rehabilitation, 9 and 17 weeks after the first measurement, and on ...
Pages: 722-726
Scientific Abstract  HTML  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
Immunoglobulin treatment in post-polio syndrome: Identification of responders and non-responders
Gunilla Östlund, Lisbet Broman, Lars Werhagen , Kristian Borg
Objective: To define and characterize responders and non-responders in a group of 124 patients with post-polio syndrome who received a single treatment with intravenous immunoglobulin. Design: Open trial, prospective follow-up study. Methods: Clinical examination and data from medical records. Short Form 36 (SF-36), Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE) and visual analogue scale (VAS) ...
Pages: 727-733
Scientific Abstract  HTML  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
Rehabilitation outcomes in persons with spina bifida: A randomised controlled trial
Fary Khan, Bhasker Amatya, Louisa Ng, Mary Galea
Objective: To assess the effectiveness of an interdisciplinary ambulatory rehabilitation programme for persons with spina bifida in an Australian community cohort. Methods: Fifty-four participants randomized to a treatment group (n = 27) for a high-intensity rehabilitation programme (with cognitive behavioural therapy) or a control group (n = 27) comprising usual care. Ou ...
Pages: 734-740
Scientific Abstract  HTML  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
What influences retrospective self-appraised recovery status among Danes with low-back problems? A comparative qualitative investigation
Corrie Myburgh, Eleanor Boyle, Henrik H. Lauridsen, Lise Hestbaek, Alice Kongsted
Study design: Phenomenological, qualitative investigation. The discord between commonly used outcome measures and patients’ self-perceived recovery is problematic in the investigation and rehabilitation of low-back pain-related disorders. To better understand the course and development of this costly and disabling condition, the complex process of patient recovery requires further elucidation. ...
Pages: 741-747
Scientific Abstract  HTML  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
Improved oxygenation during standing performance of deep breathing exercises with positive expiratory pressure after cardiac surgery: A randomized controlled trial
Henrik Pettersson, Gun Faager, Elisabeth Westerdahl
Objective: Breathing exercises after cardiac surgery are often performed in a sitting position. It is unknown whether oxygenation would be better in the standing position. The aim of this study was to evaluate oxygenation and subjective breathing ability during sitting vs standing performance of deep breathing exercises on the second day after cardiac surgery. Methods: Patients undergoing corona ...
Pages: 748-752
Scientific Abstract  HTML  PDF
SHORT COMMUNICATION
Measurement of ankle plantar flexor spasticity following stroke: Assessment of a new quantitative tool
Naoichi Chino, Yoshihiro Muraoka, Hiroki Ishihama, Masaru Ide, Riousuke Ushijima, Jeffrey R. Basford
Objective: To assess the ability of a newly developed portable instrument (the Electric Spastic Ankle Measure (E-SAM)) to quantitatively measure ankle plantar flexor muscle tone and spasticity. Design: Comparison of quantitative measurements of the E-SAM with those obtained manually with the Modified Ashworth Scale (MAS). Participants: Seven adult men with stroke of more than 8 months’ durati ...
Pages: 753-755
Scientific Abstract  HTML  PDF