Content

Content - Volume 48, Issue 1

Editors choice in this issue

ORIGINAL REPORT
Quantitative sensory testing of temperature thresholds: Possible biomarkers for persistent pain?
Eva-Maj Malmström, Johanna Stjerna, Edward D. Högestätt, Hans Westergren
Objective: To investigate the reproducibility of thermal thresholds, as measured by repeated quantitative sensory testing (QST) in healthy controls, and to asses if temperature sensitivity differs between healthy controls and a cohort of patients with persistent pain. Subjects: A total of 54 healthy controls were compared with 25 consecutive patients selected for pain rehabilitation by multidisc ...
Pages: 43-47
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Effects of acetylcholinesterase inhibitors on cognitive function in patients with chronic traumatic brain injury: A systematic review
Marita Bengtsson, Alison K. Godbolt
Objective: To undertake a systematic review of the evidence for the effect of acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (AChEIs) on cognition late after moderate or severe traumatic brain injury. Background: Cognitive impairment after traumatic brain injury has significant consequences for the individual and society. Cholinergic pathways play an important role in cognitive processing and a hypocholinergic ...
Pages: 1-5
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Cross-cultural validity of the Brazilian version of the ABILHAND questionnaire for chronic stroke individuals, based on Rasch analysis
Marluce Lopes Basílio, Iza de Faria-Fortini, Lívia de Castro Magalhães, Fernanda Sabine Nunes de Assumpção, Augusto Cesinando de Carvalho, Luci Fuscaldi Teixeira-Salmela
Objective: To evaluate the cross-cultural validity of the Brazilian version of the ABILHAND for stroke individuals. Subjects: A total of 107 community-dwelling chronic stroke survivors; mean age 58 years. Methods: Cross-cultural adaptation of the ABILHAND followed standardized procedures. Measurement properties of the adapted version were analysed using Rasch analysis. Cross-cultural validity wa ...
Pages: 6-13
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Discharge home after acute stroke: Differences between older and younger patients
Roy D. Dutrieux, Monica van Eijk, Marloes L. van Mierlo, Caroline M. van Heugten, Johanna M. A. Visser-Meily, Wilco P. Achterberg
Objective: To identify determinants for discharge destination of older (≥ 70 years) and younger (< 70 years) acute stroke patients. Design: Multicentre prospective cohort. Patients: A total of 395 patients, within 7 days of clinically evaluated stroke, were included from 6 hospital stroke units. Methods: The main outcome measure was discharge destination (home vs clinical reh ...
Pages: 14-18
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ORIGINAL REPORT
No effect of an early intervention after mild traumatic brain injury on activity and participation: A randomized controlled trial
Giedre Matuseviciene, Gunilla Eriksson, Catharina Nygren DeBoussard
Objective: To evaluate measures of activity, participation and quality of life 3 months after mild traumatic brain injury and the effect of an early intervention for patients with an estimated high risk for problems after mild traumatic brain injury. Patients: Consecutive patients attending the emergency room with mild traumatic brain injury. Design: Randomized controlled trial. Methods: Patien ...
Pages: 19-26
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Multidimensional fatigue during rehabilitation in persons with recently acquired spinal cord injury
Tijn van Diemen, Wim van Lankveld, Christel van Leeuwen, Marcel Post, Ilse van Nes
Objectives: To examine the change in multidimensional fatigue in people with spinal cord injury during post-acute rehabilitation, and to compare these scores with those of healthy adults. Furthermore, to examine correlations between different dimensions of fatigue at discharge and demographics, injury-related variables and indices of psychological adjustment. Design: Longitudinal cohort study. S ...
Pages: 27-32
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Low-intensity wheelchair training in inactive people with long-term spinal cord injury: A randomized controlled trial on fitness, wheelchair skill performance and physical activity levels
Jan W. van der Scheer, Sonja de Groot, Marga Tepper, Willemijn Faber, ALLRISC group, DirkJan H. Veeger, Lucas H. V. van der Woude
Objective: To investigate the effects of low-intensity wheelchair training on wheelchair-specific fitness, wheelchair skill performance and physical activity levels in inactive people with long-term spinal cord injury. Design: Randomized controlled trial. Participants: Inactive manual wheelchair users with spinal cord injury for at least 10 years (n = 29), allocated to exercise (n&# ...
Pages: 33-42
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Quantitative sensory testing of temperature thresholds: Possible biomarkers for persistent pain?
Eva-Maj Malmström, Johanna Stjerna, Edward D. Högestätt, Hans Westergren
Objective: To investigate the reproducibility of thermal thresholds, as measured by repeated quantitative sensory testing (QST) in healthy controls, and to asses if temperature sensitivity differs between healthy controls and a cohort of patients with persistent pain. Subjects: A total of 54 healthy controls were compared with 25 consecutive patients selected for pain rehabilitation by multidisc ...
Pages: 43-47
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Comparison of cranio-cervical flexion training versus cervical proprioception training in patients with chronic neck pain: A randomized controlled clinical trial
Tomás Gallego Izquierdo, Daniel Pecos-Martin, Enrique Lluch Girbés, Gustavo Plaza-Manzano, Ricardo Rodríguez Caldentey, Rodrigo Mayor Melús, Diego Blanco Mariscal, Deborah Falla
Objective: To compare the effects of cranio-cervical flexion vs cervical proprioception training on neuromuscular control, pressure pain sensitivity and perceived pain and disability in patients with chronic neck pain. Methods: Twenty-eight volunteers with chronic non-specific neck pain were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 interventions and undertook 6 physiotherapist-supervised sessions over a peri ...
Pages: 48-55
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ORIGINAL REPORT
One- and two-year follow-up of a randomized trial of neck-specific exercise with or without a behavioural approach compared with prescription of physical activity in chronic whiplash disorder
Maria Landén Ludvigsson, Gunnel Peterson, Åsa Dedering, Anneli Peolsson
Objective: To explore whether neck-specific exercise, with or without a behavioural approach, has benefits after 1 and 2 years compared with prescribed physical activity regarding pain, self-rated functioning/disability, and self-efficacy in management of chronic whiplash. Design: Follow-up of a randomized, assessor blinded, clinical trial. Patients: A total of 216 volunteers with chronic whip ...
Pages: 56-64
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Predictors of improvement in observed functional ability in patients with fibromyalgia as an outcome of rehabilitation
Kirstine Amris, George Luta, Robin Christensen, Bente Danneskiold-Samsøe, Henning Bliddal, Eva E. Wæhrens
Objective: To investigate predictors of improvement in observed ability to manage activities of daily living as an outcome of rehabilitation in fibromyalgia. Methods: Exploratory analyses used data from the Interdisciplinary Rehabilitation and Evaluation Programme for Patients with Chronic Widespread Pain (the IMPROvE study); a randomized controlled trial including 191 females with fibromyalgia ...
Pages: 65-71
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Sports participation after rehabilitation: Barriers and facilitators
Eva A. Jaarsma, Rienk Dekker, Jan H.B. Geertzen, Pieter Dijkstra
Objective: To analyse barriers to, and facilitators of, sports participation among people with physical disabilities after rehabilitation and to compare differences between inactive and active participants regarding these experienced barriers and facilitators. Methods: Participants were 1,223 adults (mean age 51.6 years, standard deviation 15.1 years) treated in the Rehabilitation Centre of the ...
Pages: 72-79
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Risk of fall-related injury in people with lower limb amputations: A prospective cohort study
Christopher Kevin Wong, Stanford T. Chihuri, Guohua Li
Objective: To assess fall-related injury risk and risk factors in people with lower limb amputation. Design: Prospective longitudinal cohort with follow-up every 6 months for up to 41 months. Subjects: Community-dwelling adults with lower limb amputations of any etiology and level recruited from support groups and prosthetic clinics. Methods: Demographic and clinical characteristics were obtai ...
Pages: 80-85
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Erratum
Cecilie von Bülow, Kirstine Amris, Karen la Cour, Bente Danneskiold-Samsøe, Eva Ejlersen Wæhrens
No abstract available.
Pages: 86-87
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