Content

Content - Volume 49, Issue 8

Editors choice in this issue

ORIGINAL REPORT
Electromyographic bridge for promoting the recovery of hand movements in subacute stroke patients: A randomized controlled trial
Yu-Xuan Zhou, Yang Xia, Jia Huang, Hai-Peng Wang, Xue-Liang Bao, Zheng-Yang Bi, Xiao-Bing Chen, Yu-Jie Gao, Xiao-Ying Lü, Zhi-Gong Wang
Objective: The electromyographic bridge (EMGB) detects surface electromyographic signals from a non-paretic limb. It then generates electric pulse trains according to the electromyographic time domain features, which can be used to stimulate a paralysed or paretic limb in real time. This strategy can be used for the contralateral control of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) to improve mo ...
Pages: 629-636
Lay Abstract  Scientific Abstract  HTML  PDF

All articles

REVIEW ARTICLE
Centrally mediated late motor recovery after botulinum toxin injection: Case reports and a review of current evidence
Manuel F. Mas, Sheng Li, Gerard E. Francisco
Objective: Botulinum neurotoxin is commonly utilized in neurorehabilitation as a treatment for focal spasticity. Clinical experience has yielded observations of late motor recovery after intramuscular injection of botulinum neurotoxin, that are not readily explained by the classical mechanism of action of the neurotoxin in controlling spasticity. These findings have triggered speculation regarding ...
Pages: 609-619
Lay Abstract  Scientific Abstract  HTML  PDF
SPECIAL REPORT
Medical Rehabilitation in disaster relief: Towards a new perspective
Bhasker Amatya, Mary Galea, Jianan Li, Fary Khan
With increasing frequency of natural disasters, there has been greater focus recently on the importance and role of rehabilitation services in disaster management. In past disasters, rehabilitative needs were often neglected, with emphasis on acute response plans focused on saving lives and treating acute injuries. There was a lack of, or inadequate, rehabilitation-inclusive disaster response plan ...
Pages: 620-628
Lay Abstract  Scientific Abstract  HTML  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
Electromyographic bridge for promoting the recovery of hand movements in subacute stroke patients: A randomized controlled trial
Yu-Xuan Zhou, Yang Xia, Jia Huang, Hai-Peng Wang, Xue-Liang Bao, Zheng-Yang Bi, Xiao-Bing Chen, Yu-Jie Gao, Xiao-Ying Lü, Zhi-Gong Wang
Objective: The electromyographic bridge (EMGB) detects surface electromyographic signals from a non-paretic limb. It then generates electric pulse trains according to the electromyographic time domain features, which can be used to stimulate a paralysed or paretic limb in real time. This strategy can be used for the contralateral control of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) to improve mo ...
Pages: 629-636
Lay Abstract  Scientific Abstract  HTML  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
Perceived impact of stroke six years after onset, and changes in impact between one and six years
Charlotte Ytterberg, Malin Dybäck, Aileen Bergström, Susanne Guidetti, Gunilla Eriksson
Objective: To examine the perceived impact of stroke between 1 and 6 years after stroke using the Stroke Impact Scale 3.0 (SIS). Design: A prospective longitudinal study. Methods: A total of 100 individuals were assessed using the SIS 3.0 at 1 and 6 years after onset of stroke and clinically meaningful changes were explored. Changes in domain scores were calculated over time in relation to age, ...
Pages: 637-643
Lay Abstract  Scientific Abstract  HTML  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
Depressive symptoms among older adults with long-term spinal cord injury: Associations with secondary health conditions, sense of coherence, coping strategies and physical activity
Sophie Jörgensen, Kathleen A. Martin Ginis, Susanne Iwarsson, Jan Lexell
Objectives: To assess the presence of depressive symptoms among older adults with long-term spinal cord injury and investigate the association with sociodemographic and injury characteristics; and to determine how potentially modifiable factors, i.e. secondary health conditions, sense of coherence, coping strategies and leisure-time physical activity, are associated with depressive symptoms. Des ...
Pages: 644-651
Lay Abstract  Scientific Abstract  HTML  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
Experiences of falls and strategies to manage the consequences of falls in persons with late effects of polio: A qualitative study
Christina Brogårdh, Jan Lexell, Catharina Sjödahl Hammarlund
Objective: To explore how persons with late effects of polio experience falls and what strategies they use to manage the consequences of falls. Design: A qualitative study with face-to-face interviews. Data were analysed by systematic text condensation. Participants: Fourteen ambulatory persons (7 women; mean age 70 years) with late effects of polio. Results: Analysis resulted in one main them ...
Pages: 652-658
Lay Abstract  Scientific Abstract  HTML  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
Adult Spasticity International Registry Study: methodology and baseline patient, healthcare provider, and caregiver characteristics
Gerard E. Francisco, Daniel S. Bandari, Ganesh Bavikatte, Wolfgang H. Jost, Aubrey Manack Adams, Joan Largent, Alberto Esquenazi
Objective: The main aim of this study was to determine the utilization patterns and effectiveness of onabotulinumtoxinA (Botox®) for treatment of spasticity in clinical practice. Design: An international, multicentre, prospective, observational study at selected sites in North America, Europe, and Asia. Patients: Adult patients with newly diagnosed or established focal spasticity, including t ...
Pages: 659-666
Lay Abstract  Scientific Abstract  HTML  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
Bio-psychosocial factors are associated with pain intensity, physical functioning, and ability to work in female healthcare personnel with recurrent low back pain
Annika Taulaniemi, Lotta Kuusinen, Kari Tokola, Markku Kankaanpää, Jaana H. Suni
Objective: To investigate associations of various bio-psychosocial factors with bodily pain, physical func-tioning, and ability to work in low back pain. Design: Cross-sectional study. Subjects: A total of 219 female healthcare workers with recurrent non-specific low back pain. Methods: Associations between several physical and psychosocial factors and: (i) bodily pain, (ii) physical functionin ...
Pages: 667-676
Lay Abstract  Scientific Abstract  HTML  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
Reproducibility of clinician-friendly physical performance measures in individuals with obesity
Nicola A. Maffiuletti , Gabriela Tringali, Alessandra Patrizi, Fiorenza Agosti, Alessandro Sartorio
Objective: To evaluate the reproducibility (reliability and agreement) of different physical performance measures in individuals with obesity. Methods: Forty subjects (20 men, 20 women), mean age 29 years, mean body mass index (BMI) 42 kg/m2 completed several clinician-friendly performance-based tests (walking, stair-climbing, sit-to-stand, static balance, flexibility and strength) on 2 differe ...
Pages: 677-681
Lay Abstract  Scientific Abstract  HTML  PDF
SHORT COMMUNICATION
Prevalence of sarcopenia and its association with dysphagia in cancer patients who require rehabilitation
Hidetaka Wakabayashi, Rimiko Takahashi, Naoko Watanabe, Hideyuki Oritsu, Yoshitaka Shimizu
Objective: To assess the prevalence of sarcopaenia and the association between sarcopaenia, activities of daily living, and dysphagia in cancer patients who require rehabilitation. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed in 83 consecutive cancer patients referred to the Department of Rehabilitation Medicine. Skeletal muscle index was calculated as total psoas muscle area assessed via abdom ...
Pages: 682-685
Lay Abstract  Scientific Abstract  HTML  PDF