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Cancer can cause multiple impairments, activity limitations and participation restrictions. According to individual case findings and needs, rehabilitation treatment is varied. The review mainly focuses on specific problems. Because of functional deficits cancer patients suffer from persistent emotional and social distress and a reduced quality of life (QOL). QOL encompasses at least the four dimensions of physical, emotional, social and cognitive function, which may be positively influenced by physical exercise. Physical exercise also has been shown to prevent or minimise inactivity/disuse problems and to reduce fatigue. The management of sexuality dysfunction has to begin with a thorough history taking and a consequent sexuality counselling. The goals of rehabilitation procedures under palliative care are not only to control physical pain but also to help with mental, social and spiritual pain, together with other symptoms. Rehabilitation problems in head and neck cancer, sexuality, lung cancer, prostate cancer, breast cancer and lymphedema can be improved by rehabilitation. The review mainly focuses on impairment and activity limitation. Social, psychological and vocational aspects are left aside in this review.
Veronika Fialka-Moser, Richard Crevenna, Marta Korpan, Michael Quittan
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation University of Vienna Austria
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