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Original report

A randomized controlled trial of acupuncture added to usual treatment for fibromyalgia

doi: 10.2340/16501977-0216

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Abstract:

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of acupuncture for fibromyalgia.
METHODS: Fifty-eight women with fibromyalgia were allocated randomly to receive either acupuncture together with tricyclic antidepressants and exercise (n=34), or tricyclic antidepressants and exercise only (n=24). Patients rated their pain on a visual analogue scale. A blinded assessor evaluated both the mean pressure pain threshold value over all 18 fibromyalgia points and quality of life using SF-36.
RESULTS: At the end of 20 sessions, patients who received acupuncture were significantly better than the control group in all measures of pain and in 5 of the SF-36 subscales. After 6 months, the acupuncture group was significantly better than the control group in numbers of tender points, mean pressure pain threshold at the 18 tender points and 3 subscales of SF-36. After one year, the acupuncture group showed significance in one subscale of the SF-36; at 2 years there were no significant differences in any outcome measures.
CONCLUSION: Addition of acupuncture to usual treatments for fibromyalgia may be beneficial for pain and quality of life for 3 months after the end of treatment. Future research is needed to evaluate the specific effects of acupuncture for fibromyalgia.

Authors:

Rosa Alves Targino, Marta Imamura, Helena H.S Kaziyama, Luiz P.M. Souza, Wu Tu Hsing, Andréa D. Furlan, Satiko Tomikawa Imamura, Raymundo Soares Azevedo Neto

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Volume 40, Issue 7

DOI: 10.2340/16501977-0216

Pages: 582-588

View at PubMed