Pinch Grafting of Chronic Leg Ulcers in Primary Care: Fourteen Years' Experience
Rut F. Öien , Anders Håkansson , Bjarne U. Hansen , Mats Bjellerup
Pinch grafting for treatment of chronic leg ulcers has been evaluated mainly in hospitalized and immobilized patients. This study describes the results of 199 pinch graft operations of 126 chronic leg and foot ulcers in 85 patients in primary care between 1987 and 2001. The aetiology of the ulcers was venous insufficiency in 43% and multi-factorial in 25% (77% with venous insufficiency as the main determinant). The mean ulcer size was 13.5cm2 and the mean ulcer duration was 15.9 months. The overall healing rate within 3 months was 33%, ranging from 19% for multi-factorial or combined venous and arterial ulcers to 48% for venous ulcers. Within 12 months the overall healing rate was 60%, with 67% healed venous ulcers. The results from our study suggest that pinch grafting is suitable for treating chronic leg ulcers, especially venous ulcers, in primary care.