Psychophysical Aspects of Hidradenitis Suppurativa
Łukasz Matusiak, Andrzej Bieniek, Jacek C. Szepietowski
Hidradenitis suppurativa is a recurrent, debilitating suppurative skin disease. The symptoms are much more than just physical, but studies of its impact on patients’ psychological state and related quality of life are very limited. The current study was conducted with a group of 54 patients, aged 16–65 years, who had an active, but stable, course of hidradenitis suppurativa. The aim of the study was to determine the influence of hidradenitis suppurativa on a broad spectrum of psychophysical factors. Assessment was carried out using several questionnaires, which revealed the following mean scores: Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) (12.67 ± 7.7), Beck Depression Inventory-Short Form (BDI-SF) (5.87 ± 4.68), Evers et al. “6-Item Scale” (3.87 ± 3.65), EQ-5D (0.66 ± 0.23 (health index) and 56.78 ± 18.84 (VAS)), Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy – Fatigue scale (FACIT-F) (32.06 ± 11.01) and Quality of Life Enjoyment and Satisfaction Questionnaire Short Form (Q-LES-Q-SF) (56.44 ± 15.17%). The results highlight the important impact of hidradenitis suppurativa on a wide spectrum of psychophysical aspects and impairment of related quality of life among patients. Our findings indicate that advancement of the disease seems to be the most important factor negatively influencing patients’ well-being (p < 0.01). It is noteworthy that an anogenital location appears to impair the hidradenitis suppurativa patients’ quality of life most of all (p < 0.05), but the occurrence of lesions on uncovered skin plays a crucial role in the stigmatization level (p < 0.05).