No Evidence for Increased Skin Cancer Risk in Koreans with Skin Phototypes III-V Treated with Narrowband UVB Phototherapy.
Seong Jin Jo, Hyuck Hoon Kwon, Mi Ra Choi, Jai Il Youn
Narrowband ultraviolet B (nbUVB) phototherapy is used around the world for the treatment of various skin diseases. However, the carcinogenic risk associated with nbUVB treatment in patients with skin phototypes III–V has not been studied. This retrospective study compared the incidence of skin cancer in Korean patients with skin phototypes III-V treated with nbUVB with that in a control Korean population. A total of 445 nbUVB-treated patients were followed for 1,274 person-years (mean follow-up period 34.4 months). No melanoma cases were detected during the follow-up period. However, one patient developed basal cell carcinoma four months after the start of nbUVB phototherapy. For non-melanoma skin cancer, the expected number of cases was 0.059 and the standardized incidence ratio 17.0 (95% confidence interval 0.4–94.8). There were no statistically significant differences between the nbUVB and control groups. Thus, nbUVB phototherapy using TL-01 lamps seems to be a safe therapeutic modality for patients with skin phototypes III–V.