Haemangioma Family Burden: Creation of a Specific Questionnaire
Olivia Boccara, Cecile Méni, Christine Léauté-Labreze, Christine Bodemer, Jean-Jacques Voisard, Hélène Dufresne, Sébastien Brauchoux, Charles Taieb
To develop and validate a specific questionnaire to assess burden on families of children with infantile haemangioma (IH): the Haemangioma Family Burden questionnaire (HFB). Items were generated from a literature review and a verbatim report from parents. Subsequently, a study was implemented at the Necker Hospital and the Pellegrin Children’s Hospital for psychometric analysis. The HFB was refined via item reduction according to inter-question correlations, consensus among experts and exploratory factor analysis. A 20-item questionnaire, grouped into 5 dimensions, was obtained. Construct validity was demonstrated and HFB showed good internal coherence (Cronbach’s α: 0.93). The HFB was significantly correlated with the mental dimension of the Short-Form-12 (r = –0.75), and the Psychological General Well-Being Index (r = –0.61). HFB scores differed significantly according to the size and localization of the IH. A validated tool for assessing the burden on families of children with IH is now available.