Body Attention, Ignorance and Awareness Scale: Assessing Relevant Concepts for Physical and Psychological Functioning in Psoriasis
Sylvia van Beugen, Alicja Ograczyk, Maaike Ferwerda, Jurgen V. Smit, Manon E.J. Zeeuwen-Franssen, Elisabeth B.M. Kroft, Elke M.G.J. de Jong, Anna Zalewska-Janowska, A. Rogier T. Donders, Peter C.M. van de Kerkhof, Henriët van Middendorp, Andrea W.M. Evers
A certain level of attention to bodily signals may be adaptive in the management of chronic skin conditions, as a lack of attention may lead to inadequate self-care behaviour and, consequently, may affect functioning and treatment outcomes. The purpose of this study was to develop a body awareness questionnaire and to investigate its psychometric properties and physical and psychological correlates in a cross-sectional study in patients with psoriasis (n?=?475). The 16-item Body Attention, Ignorance and Awareness Scale demonstrated a 3-factor structure that could be interpreted as body ignorance, body attention, and body awareness (Cronbach’s ? of 0.73, 0.74, and 0.68, respectively). Higher body ignorance was significantly related to more physical symptoms and worse psychological functioning. Body attention and body awareness showed small significant correlations with coping and personality. Given the negative influence of impaired psychological functioning on treatment outcomes, it may be clinically important to screen for theses constructs of body awareness in chronic skin conditions.