Content » Vol 97, Issue 8

Investigative Report

Involvement of Leukotriene B4 Released from Keratinocytes in Itch-associated Response to Intradermal Interleukin-31 in Mice

Tsugunobu Andoh, Ayako Harada, Yasushi Kuraishi
DOI: 10.2340/00015555-2697


A recent study suggests that interleukin-31 (IL-31) exerts its effect via indirect mechanisms rather than through direct stimulation of cutaneous nerves. However, the underlying peripheral mechanisms of IL-31-induced itch in the skin remain unclear. Therefore, the present study investigated the peripheral mechanisms underlying IL-31-induced itch in mice. IL-31-induced itch-related response was inhibited by anti-allergic drugs (tranilast and azelastine), but not by an H1 histamine receptor antagonist (terfenadine). Furthermore, a 5-lipoxygenase inhibitor (zileuton), but not a cyclooxygenase inhibitor (indomethacin), and a leuko­triene B4 (LTB4) receptor antagonist (CMHVA) attenuated the action of IL-31. IL-31 receptor-immunoreactivity was observed in the epidermis and primary sensory neurones. IL-31 receptor mRNA was expressed in mouse keratinocytes and dorsal root ganglia neurones. IL-31 increased the production of LTB4 in mouse keratinocytes. These results suggest that IL-31 elicits itch not only through direct action on primary sensory neurones, but also by inducing LTB4 production in keratinocytes.


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