Study of the Exposome Ageing-related Factors in the Spanish Population
Agustin Buendía-Eisman, Leonor Prieto, Mercedes Abarquero, Salvador Arias-Santiago
To characterize the exposome of the Spanish population and its association with skin ageing a cross-sectional epidemiological study was conducted in men and women (18–60 years old). A total of 1,474 participants were included. Mean age (± standard deviation) was 40.84 ± 10.26 years. Most participants had Fitzpatrick skin phototype II (44.1%) and skin ageing in accordance with their current age (69.0%). In the logistic model, age, smoking habit, use of sunscreen and use of cosmetics were all significant independent predictors of skin ageing. Thus, tobacco consumption increased the score of the model towards presenting skin ageing above that expected for age, while the opposite occurred with the use of sunscreen and a complete skin care routine. The exposome therefore has an impact on skin ageing, with age, smoking habit, use of sunscreen and the use of cosmetics identified as predictors of skin ageing. Skin care routines and sunscreen use may help to prevent this process.
This cross-sectional epidemiological study, conducted in women and men in the age range 18–60 years, aimed to characterize the exposome of the Spanish population. The results demonstrate that the exposome has an impact on skin ageing. Predictive modelling shows that skincare routines and sunscreen use may help to prevent skin ageing, while tobacco consumption may negatively impact on skin ageing.