FOCAL SPASTICITY THERAPY WITH BOTULINUM TOXIN: EFFECTS ON FUNCTION, ACTIVITIES OF DAILY LIVING AND PAIN IN 100 ADULT PATIENTS
Objective: Analysis of the effects of a comprehensive focal spasticity program in adult patients.Design: Retrospective study of an out-patient cohort.Patients: One hundred patients were enrolled in the study (54 men and 46 women, mean age 41 years (SD 14). Cerebral palsy and stroke were equally common (80% in total). The remaining patients had miscellaneous diagnoses, including traumatic brain injury.Methods: On average 230 units (SD 101) of botulinum toxin A Botox® was given for 227 principal therapy targets chosen by the patient or the caregiver. One patient could have several targets for therapy. Administration of botulinum toxin was combined with 260 additional therapeutic interventions, most of which were forms of physical therapy. The effects were assessed after 6 weeks and compared with baseline functional abilities 1–2 weeks prior to therapy.Results: Improvement was observed for 211 (93%) therapy targets, no change in 15 (7%), and impairment in 1, corresponding to an overall improvement in 90 patients (90%), 9 unchanged (9%) and worsening in 1. Spasticity assessment (Ashworth scale 0–4; 30 patients) showed a statistically significant improvement (median at baseline was 3 vs 2 after therapy, mean difference 1.2, p<0.001).Conclusion: Improvement was observed in ≥90% of patients and in their principal therapeutic targets in a cohort receiving their first focal spasticity treatment with botulinum toxin A and additional therapy. A strict strategy for patient selection and comprehensive management was followed.
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