Content » Vol 43, Issue 4

Original report

Religiousness affects mental health, pain and quality of life in older people in an outpatient rehabilitation setting

Giancarlo Lucchetti, Alessandra Granero Lucchetti, Antonio Badan-Neto, Patricia T. Peres, Mario F. P. Peres, Alexander Moreira-Almeida, Cláudio Gomes, Harold G. Koenig
DOI: 10.2340/16501977-0784

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate the relationship between religiousness and mental health, hospitalization, pain, disability and quality of life in older adults from an outpatient rehabilitation setting in Sao Paulo, Brazil.
Design: Cross-sectional study.
Subjects/patients: A total of 110 patients aged 60 years or older were interviewed during attendance at an outpatient rehabilitation service.
Methods: Researchers administered a standardized questionnaire that assessed socio-demographic data, religiousness, self-reported quality of life, anxiety, physical activity limitation, depression, pain and cognition. Predictors were included in each model analysis, and a backward conditional method was used for variable selection using logistic regression (categorical outcomes) or linear regression (continuous outcomes).
Results: Thirty-one patients (28.2%) fulfilled criteria for significant depressive symptoms, 27 (24.5%) for anxiety, and 10 (9.6%) for cognitive impairment. Pain was present in 89 (80.7%) patients. Limited depressive symptoms (as assessed by the Geriatric Depression Scale), and greater self-reported quality of life were related to greater self-reported religiousness, as were scores on the Mini-Mental State Examination (less cognitive impairment), and lower ratings of pain.
Conclusion: Religiousness is related to significantly less depressive symptoms, better quality of life, less cognitive impairment, and less perceived pain. Clinicians should consider taking a spiritual history and ensuring that spiritual needs are addressed among older patients in rehabilitation settings.

Lay Abstract

Comments

Do you want to comment on this paper? The comments will show up here and if appropriate the comments will also separately be forwarded to the authors. You need to login/create an account to comment on articles. Click here to login/create an account.
Advertisement