Content » Vol 45, Issue 4

Original report

Exercise self-efficacy in persons with spinal cord injury: Psychometric properties of the Dutch translation of the Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale

Carla F.J. Nooijen, Marcel W.M Post, Dorien C.M. Spijkerman, Michael P. Bergen, Henk J. Stam, Rita J.G. van den Berg-Emons
Rehabilitation Medicine and Physical Therapy, Erasmus MC, 3000CA Rotterdam, The Netherlands. E-mail:
DOI: 10.2340/16501977-1112


Objective: To assess the reliability and validity of the Dutch version of the Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale (ESES) in persons with spinal cord injury. This is the first independent study of ESES psychometric properties, and the first report on ESES test–retest reliability.
Subjects/patients: A total of 53 Dutch persons with spinal cord injury.
Methods: Subjects completed the Dutch ESES twice, with 2 weeks between (ESES_1 and ESES_2). Subjects also completed the General Self-Efficacy scale (GSE), and a questionnaire regarding demographic characteristics and lesion characteristics. Psychometric properties of the Dutch translation of the ESES were assessed and compared with those of the original English-language version.
Results: The Dutch ESES was found to have good internal consistency (Cronbach’s α for ESES_1 = 0. 90, ESES_2 = 0. 88). Test–retest reliability was adequate (intra-class correlation coefficient = 0. 81, 95% confidence interval 0. 70–0. 89). For validity, a moderate, statistically significant correlation was found between ESES and the GSE (Spearman’s ρ ESES_1 = 0. 52, ESES_2 = 0. 66, p < 0. 01). Furthermore, the psychometric properties of the Dutch ESES were found to be similar to those of the original English version.
Conclusion: The results of this study support the use of the ESES as a reliable and valid measure of exercise self-efficacy.

Lay Abstract


Do you want to comment on this paper? The comments will show up here and if appropriate the comments will also separately be forwarded to the authors. You need to login/create an account to comment on articles. Click here to login/create an account.