Changes in body balance and functional performance following whole-body vibration training in patients with fibromyalgia syndrome: A randomized controlled trial
Borja Sañudo, Luis Carrasco, Moisés de Hoyo, Ángel Oliva-Pascual-Vaca , Cleofás Rodríguez-Blanco
Physical Education and Sports Department, University of Seville, Campus Pirotécnia. C/ Pirotécnia s/n, ES-41013 Sevilla, Spain. E-mail: email@example.com
Objective: To determine whether an 8-week exercise programme supplemented with whole-body vibration improves body balance and dynamic strength in women with fibromyalgia.
Design: Randomized controlled trial.
Patients: Forty-six participants diagnosed with fibromyalgia.
Methods: Participants were randomly assigned to: (i) an exercise training group with whole-body vibration (n = 15), which performed twice-weekly exercise sessions (aerobic exercise, strengthening and flexibility) combined with 3 whole-body vibration training sessions a week (bilateral squats: 6–9 sets of 30 s with 45-s recovery between sets; and unilateral squat: 4–7 sets of 30 s, 30 Hz–4 mm); (ii) an exercise group (n = 15) with the same combined exercise therapy; and (iii) a usual-care control group (n = 16).
Results: Statistically significant improvements in the Medio–Lateral Stability Index and Medio–Lateral Mean Deflection with open eyes were found in the whole-body vibration exercise group compared with the control group. Non-significant effects were found for lower-limb physical function.
Conclusion: The results show that a traditional exercise programme, supplemented with whole-body vibration training, improved balance in women with fibromyalgia. This may represent a key factor for falls prevention in this patient group.