Content » Vol 51, Issue 1

Original report

Paediatric cerebral palsy prevalence and high-risk factors in Henan province, Central China

Junying Yuan, Jun Wang, Jieqiong Ma, Dengna Zhu, Zhenhuan Zhang, Jianan Li
Department of Rehabilitation, the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, 210029 Nanjing, China.
DOI: 10.2340/16501977-2486

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of, and risk factors for, cerebral palsy in Henan province, China.
Methods: The prevalence of cerebral palsy in children aged 0–6 years between September 2011 and September 2012 was investigated using a stratified-clustered-random sampling method. An age-, sex- , and residence-matched control group of typically developing children was recruited. Univariate analysis and multinomial logistic regression analysis were used to identify risk factors associated with cerebral palsy.
Results: The prevalence of cerebral palsy in Henan province was 2.37 per 1,000 live births. Risk factors included: moving into a newly painted room; complicating maternal diseases (infection, heart disease, hypertension, anaemia, diabetes, kidney disease) during pregnancy; high gravidity (> 3); foetal asphyxia; low birth-weight (< 2,500 g); and hypoxic–ischaemic encephalopathy.
Conclusion: The prevalence of cerebral palsy in Henan province was 2.37 per 1,000 live births. Parents and clinicians should be aware of the risk factors for cerebral palsy.

Lay Abstract

In this study,we investigated the prevalence of cerebral palsy in children aged 0–6 years old in Henan Province, Central China. Meanwhile, An age-, sex-, and residence-matched control group of typically developing children were recruited to identify risk factors associated with cerebral palsy. According to the epidemiological results,the prevalence of cerebral palsy was 2.37 per 1,000 live births, risk factors included moving into a newly painted room, complicating diseases (infection, heart disease, hypertension, anemia, diabetes, kidney disease) during pregnancy, high gravidity (> 3), foetal asphyxia, low birth weight (< 2,500 g), and hypoxic–ischemic encephalopathy.

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