Content » Vol 15, Issue 1

Original report

Effects of comprehensive rehabilitation on weight reduction in myocardial infarction patients

R L Karvetti, L R Knuts
DOI: 10.2340/165019771983151116

Abstract

The effect of a comprehensive rehabilitation programme, including diet therapy, was studied in overweight male myocardial infarction (MI) patients randomly assigned to a rehabilitation group (n = 69) and a control group (n = 64). The results show a mean weight decrease of 3.8 kg in the rehabilitation group and a mean weight increase of 1.1 kg in the control group (t = -5.78, p less than 0.001). The proportion of patients reducing their weight more than 5 kg was 33% in the rehabilitation group and 5% in the control group (chi 2 = 15.6, p less than 0.001). Patient characteristics which significantly affected the weight change by univariate analysis were age, level of overweight, smoking habits, employment situation and social problems. Multivariate analyses yielded a two-variable model with moderate explanatory power in the rehabilitation group. The model includes the variables Body Mass Index and cessation of smoking before MI.

Lay Abstract

Comments

Do you want to comment on this paper? The comments will show up here and if appropriate the comments will also separately be forwarded to the authors. You need to login/create an account to comment on articles. Click here to login/create an account.
Advertisement