Reproducibility of isokinetic muscle strength measurements in normal and arthritic individuals
Giles B, Henke P, Edmonds J, McNeil D.
Department of Rheumatology, St. George Hospital, Sydney, Australia
The serial reproducibility of an individual's isokinetic torque was assessed in order to establish a reliable baseline value for future comparison. Thirty-two controls and twenty arthritic patients were tested for their peak isokinetic torque on knee flexion and extension and hip flexion at three velocities on five occasions, at fortnightly intervals. The first test was found to provide a reliable baseline for controls and subjects who could generate a peak torque of 54 Newton meters (Nm) or more. The second test was found to be more representative of the series for groups containing weaker subjects. Variation related to torque: for subjects who generate a peak torque of 54 Nm or more, a range of +/- 20% accommodates the variability of 95% of tests. We conclude that a +/- 20% range applied to either the first or second test, depending on the nature of the group to be studied, serves as a representative baseline value.
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