Measurement of torque of trunk flexors at different velocities
Wessel J, Ford D, van Driesum D
Department of Physical Therapy, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada
The purpose of this study was to determine the test-retest reliability of recording isometric and isokinetic torque of the trunk flexors and to examine the effect of velocity on the torque curves. Thirty healthy subjects were tested on two occasions for isometric torque of trunk flexion at four angles and eccentric and concentric torque at three velocities. Two subjects repeated these tests in the passive mode to determine the torque produced by the trunk when there was no active flexion effort. Intraclass correlation coefficients were above 0.85 for all isometric and isokinetic measures. Standard errors of measurement ranged from 6.9 to 19.5 Nm. Student t-tests indicated no significant differences between occasions for all outcome measures. Examination of passive and active torque curves indicated that the torque produced by the mass of the trunk increased with increasing velocity. It is concluded that both isometric and isokinetic testing of the trunk flexors are reliable, but that testing at higher velocities may not provide a valid measure of muscle performance.
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