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ORIGINAL REPORT
Common content between quality of life questionnaires for children with cystic fibrosis and the International Classification of Functionality, Disability and Health
Danielle Cristina Gomes, Egmar Longo, Olaf Kraus de Camargo, Diego de Sousa Dantas, Haryelle Náryma Confessor Ferreira, Isabelly Cristina Rodrigues Regalado, Luciana Castaneda Ribeiro, Silvana Alves Pereira
Objective: To identify the most common quality of life instruments for children with cystic fibrosis and link the content with the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Methods: The study was conducted in 2 stages. The first stage involved a review of the literature to select quality of life questionnaires. In the second stage 2 independent reviewers identifie ...
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SHORT COMMUNICATION
Respiratory muscle endurance training with normocapnic hyperpnoea for patients with chronic spinal cord injury: A pilot short-term randomized controlled trial
Jianing Xi, Hongying Jiang, Na Zhang, Jianjun Wang, Bin Zhang, Hongli Cao, Bo Yang, Inez Frerichs, Knut Möller, Zhanqi Zhao
Objective: To investigate the effects of normocapnic hyperpnoea training on pulmonary function and patient-reported outcomes in chronic spinal cord injury. Design: Single-centre randomized controlled trial. Patients: Eighteen patients with spinal cord injury > 24 months post-injury and without regular respiratory muscle training prior to the study were included prospectively. Methods: Patie ...
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Validity, internal consistency and self-rated change of the patient enablement instrument in patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain
Paul Enthoven, Anneli Peolsson, Maria Landén Ludvigsson, Johanna Wibault, Gunnel Peterson, Birgitta Öberg
Objective: Patient enablement reflects patient’s understanding of and coping with illness. The aim of this study was to investigate the content validity, construct validity, internal consistency and self-rated change (SRC) of the Patient Enablement Instrument (PEI) in patients with whiplash-associated disorders, cervical radiculopathy and mixed chronic pain treated in different settings. Design ...
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Relationships among measures of physical fitness in adult patients with heart failure
Oronzo Chialà, Ercole Vellone, Leonie Klompstra, Giorgio Alberto Ortali, Anna Strömberg, Tiny Jaarsma
Objectives: To describe the relationships among 3 measures of physical fitness (exercise capacity, muscle function and functional capacity) in patients with heart failure, and to determine whether these measures are influenced by impairment of movement. Methods: Secondary analysis of baseline data from the Italian subsample (n = 96) of patients with heart failure enrolled in a randomized con ...
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Clinical effectiveness of non-surgical interventions for primary frozen shoulder: A systematic review
Catherine Minns Lowe, Eva Barrett, Karen McCreesh, Neasa De Búrca, Jeremy Lewis
Objective: To update an existing systematic review of randomized clinical trials evaluating the clinical effectiveness of non-surgical management interventions for people with primary frozen shoulder in terms of pain, movement, self-reported function and disability, quality of life, recovery time, return to work and recreation, and adverse events. Data sources: Cochrane CENTRAL, SCI and MEDLINE, ...
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Can in-reach multidisciplinary rehabilitation in the acute ward improve outcomes for critical care survivors? A pilot randomized controlled trial
Jane Wu, Angela Vratsistas-Curto, Christine T. Shiner, Steven G. Faux, Ian Harris, Christopher J. Poulos
Objectives: To assess the feasibility of in-reach rehabilitation for critical care survivors following discharge from the intensive care unit. To determine whether additional in-reach rehabilitation reduces hospital length-of-stay and improves outcomes in critical care survivors, compared with usual therapy. Participants: A total of 66 consecutively-admitted critical care survivors with an inte ...
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Rasch analysis of the UK Functional Assessment Measure in a sample of patients with traumatic brain injury from the UK national clinical database
Objective: To determine whether the UK Functional Assessment Measure (UK FIM+FAM) fits the Rasch model in patients with complex disability following traumatic brain injury. Design: Psychometric evaluation including preliminary exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses followed by Rasch analysis. Participants: A multicentre UK national cohort of 1,956 patients admitted for specialist rehabili ...
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LETTER TO THE EDITOR
Ultrasound Imaging for "Dummies": Getting oriented among the planes
Vincenzo Ricci Ahmad J. Abdulsalam, Levent Özçakar
Missing (Letter)
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Elevated prevalence of osteoarthritis among adults with cerebral palsy
Zachary P. French, Rachael V. Torres, Daniel G. Whitney
Objective: Adults with cerebral palsy have an increased risk of developing osteoarthritis. However, little is known about the epidemiology of osteoarthritis among this vulnerable population. The objectives of this study were to compare the prevalence of osteoarthritis between adults with and without cerebral palsy, and to determine how the prevalence of osteoarthritis changes throughout adulthood ...
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Effect of adding lay-tutors to the educational part of a back school programme for patients with subacute, non-specific low back pain: A randomized controlled clinical trial with a two-year follow-up
Inge Grundt Larsen, Lisa Gregersen Oestgaard, Lene M. Thomsen, Claus Vinther Nielsen, Berit Schiøttz-Christensen
Objective: To evaluate the effect of adding a lay-tutor to the educational sessions of a back school programme for patients with subacute low back pain. Methods: Patients with subacute low back pain were randomized to a 10-week programme comprising 10 h education and 20 h physical exercise led by a former patient as lay-tutor, or a programme led by a physiotherapist. In the intervention group, fo ...
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ORIGINAL REPORT
The World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS 2.0) and the WHO Minimal Generic Set of Domains of Functioning and Health versus Conventional Instruments in subacute stroke
Sinikka Tarvonen-Schröder, Saija Hurme, Katri Laimi
Objective: To compare short generic International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF)-based measures of functioning with traditional measures of stroke severity and dependence in subacute stroke. Methods: In this cross-sectional study patients with stroke (n = 195) and their significant others completed the 12-item World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedul ...
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Factors associated with willingness to use eRehabilitation after stroke: A cross-sectional study among patients, informal caregivers and healthcare professionals
Berber Brouns, Jorit J. L. Meesters, Manon M. Wentink, Arend J. de Kloet , Henk J. Arwert , Liesbeth W. Boyce, Thea P. M. Vliet Vlieland, Leti van Bodegom-Vos
Objective: Despite the increasing availability of eRehabilitation, its use remains limited. The aim of this study was to assess factors associated with willingness to use eRehabilitation. Design: Cross-sectional survey. Subjects: Stroke patients, informal caregivers, health-care professionals. Methods: The survey included personal characteristics, willingness to use eRehabilitation (yes/no) a ...
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Effect of a dialogue-based intervention on psychosocial well-being 6 months after stroke in Norway: A randomized controlled trial
Ellen G. Hjelle, Line K. Bragstad, Marit Kirkevold, Manuela Zucknick, Berit A. Bronken, Randi Martinsen, Kari J. Kvigne, Gabriele Kitzmüller, Margrete Mangset, Bente Thommessen, Unni Sveen
Objective: To evaluate the effect of a dialogue-based intervention on psychosocial well-being 6 months after stroke. Design: Multicentre, prospective, randomized controlled trial. Subjects: Adults (aged ≥ 18 years) who had their first or recurrent stroke within the last month, were medically stable, had sufficient cognitive functioning to participate and understood and spoke Norwegian. Met ...
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Multidisciplinary rehabilitation for adults with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders: A pilot study
Dong-Mei Suo, Lin-lin Liu, Kun Jia, Lin-jie Zhang, Li-Min Li, Jing Wang, Yuan Qi, Hai-jie Liu, Chun-Xiao Wan, Li Yang
Objective: To provide detailed data on the effects of multidisciplinary rehabilitation for patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder with moderate to severe disability. Design: A pilot randomized control study. Subjects/patients: A total of 39 patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder were randomized into intervention or control groups. Methods: The intervention group rec ...
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Comparison of measurement properties of three shortened versions of the balance evaluation systems test (bestest) in people with subacute stroke
Thitimard Winairuk, Marco Y.C. Pang, Vitoon Saengsirisuwan, Fay B. Horak, Rumpa Boonsinsukh
Objectives: To examine the reliability, validity and responsiveness of 3 different short versions of the Balance Evaluation Systems Test (BESTest: S-BESTest, Brief-BESTest and Mini-BESTest) in patients with subacute stroke. Design: A prospective cohort study. Participants: Patients with subacute stroke. Methods: Patients were assessed using the full BESTest. Scores of 3 short-form BESTests were ...
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ORIGINAL REPORT
A physical activity intervention to prevent cognitive decline after stroke: Secondary results from the Life After Stroke study, an 18-month randomized controlled trial
Hege Ihle-Hansen, Birgitta Langhammer, Stian Lydersen, Mari Gunnes , Bent Indredavik, Torunn Askim
Objective: To examine the effects of individualized regular coaching and exercise on post-stroke cognitive and emotional function. Methods: The Life After STroke (LAST) study investigated the differences between intervention and care-as-usual between 3 and 21 months post-stroke. Outcome measures were the Trail Making Test (TMT) A and B, Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), Hospital Anxiety and ...
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Intra- and inter-rater reliability of Fugl-Meyer Assessment of Upper Extremity in stroke
Edgar D. Hernández, Claudia P. Galeano, Nubia E. Barbosa, Sandra M. Forero, Åsa Nordin, Katharina S. Sunnerhagen, Margit Alt Murphy
Objective: The Fugl-Meyer Assessment of Upper Extremity (FMA-UE) is recommended for evaluation of sensorimotor impairment post stroke, but the item-level reliability of the scale is unknown. The study aims to determine intra- and inter-rater reliability of the FMA-UE at item-, subscale- and total score level in patients with early subacute stroke. Design: Intra/inter-rater reliability. Subjects: ...
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