Content - Volume 26, Issue 2
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The interrelationships between reported complaints, certain sociodemographic data and ergonomic, physical and psychosocial aspects of the work-environment were investigated in a cross-sectional study of home care service personnel using a questionnaire. Ninety-seven out of 160 randomly selected women took part in pre-tests (presented here), post-tests and one year exercise program. Significant cor ...
A scoring system for a standardized composite movement of the shoulder--the Hand in Neck (HIN) manoeuvre--is presented. The EMG activity of the supraspinatus muscle was studied in 5 healthy subjects at different performance levels of this test. It is shown that the supraspinatus muscle is about four times more active during normal performance than at the subnormal levels, which among themselves do ...
Long-term effects of auditory kinetic feedback on relearned symmetrical body weight distribution while rising and sitting down were studied in stroke patients. Thirty patients were re-tested on average 33 months after having trained with and without auditory feedback. Body weight distribution on the legs was measured with two force plates. At re-test there was a decrease from 48% to 39% of body we ...
The reliability of heart rate responses to non-steady-state tasks among 37 men with spinal cord injuries (lesion level: C4/5-L5) was examined with a simple heart rate recording device (Sport Tester PE3000). Three identical trials of 6 different transfers and an 8-cm curb ascent were performed on one day (Trial 1 and 2; n = 37) and one week later (Trial 3; n = 12). Pearson's r and intraclass correl ...
The effect of 10 weeks' specific abdominal strength training (resisted trunk rotations) on intra-abdominal pressure was investigated in 10 healthy males. Isometric rotational force, trunk flexor and extensor torque and intra-abdominal pressure were measured as well as intra-abdominal pressure responses to Valsalva manoeuvres, maximal pulsed pressures, drop jumps and trunk perturbations. The rotati ...
The purpose of the study was to examine how neurological deficits of the leg, i.e. sensory deficit, deficient reflexes and muscular weakness, correlate with reaction times of upper limbs in a group with chronic low-back pain. Thirty-two patients were studied. Three sets of measurements of simple reaction time and choice reaction time of upper limbs were conducted at one-week intervals. Neurologica ...
Knee morbidity, knee extension torque and knee flexion torque were examined among 168 actively working carpet and floor layers and 146 painters. The study included a questionnaire concerning knee disorders and knee symptoms, a clinical examination of the knees and measurement of isometric knee extension and flexion torque. Knee accidents were reported more frequently by carpet and floor layers tha ...
One hundred and sixty-eight carpet and floor layers and 146 painters were examined with the aid of a questionnaire, clinical tests of the patellofemoral joint, a knee exertion test and measurements of patellofemoral indices. Carpet and floor layers reported previous knee conditions more frequently than painters. Patellofemoral tenderness was not related to occupation, patellofemoral indices or per ...
This paper presents an analysis of studies in which vocational rehabilitation was followed up during the 1980s and early 1990s. Its purpose is to clarify the outcome of vocational rehabilitation as well as the factors predicting that outcome. In these follow-up studies the variables by which the outcome is measured are closely linked with the subjects' employment opportunities, and are basically t ...