Content - Volume 26, Issue 3
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The Functional Independence Measure (FIM) is an 18-item, 7-level scale developed to uniformly assess severity of patient disability and medical rehabilitation functional outcome. FIM interrater reliability in the clinical setting is reported here. Clinicians from 89 US inpatient comprehensive medical rehabilitation facilities newly subscribing to the uniform Data System for Medical Rehabilitation ...
Twenty subjects with polio sequelae were studied on two occasions 4-5 years apart by means of dynamometer measurements of knee-extension and flexion strength and muscle biopsy for histochemical and enzymatic analyses. The subjects were divided into those who reported (unstable, n = 12) and did not report (stable, n = 8) new or increased muscle weakness in the tested leg between the two examination ...
The study was based on a questionnaire and included 209 white-collar workers and 241 blue-collar workers in eight companies. The questionnaire deals with musculoskeletal symptoms, psychosocial and physical load factors. The relationship between job factors and neck, shoulder and low-back symptoms was analysed. The Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire (NMQ) was supplemented with an additional quest ...
The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of back pain in school children and the role of several contributing factors; 1178 school children of both sexes answered a previously validated questionnaire. The cumulative prevalence of back pain was 51.2%. Lumbar and leg pain, and thoracic pain were more common. After multivariate analysis, five qualitative variables were correlated wit ...
A sample of 508 male and female white-collar and blue-collar employees aged 35 to 54 years were examined clinically to determine the reliability of spinal flexibility measurements using inclinometers and a tape measure, and to determine the normal values of cervical sagittal movements, lateral flexion, lumbar flexion and extension, trunk rotation and sidebending. Spinal flexibility decreased with ...
The aim of this double-blind study was to evaluate the effect of low power Ga-Al-As laser treatment on chronic pain related to osteoarthritis of the knee with periarticular tender points. Twenty-nine out-patients with uni- or bilateral osteoarthritis of the knee were included and randomly assigned to treatment with either laser or placebo laser. Fourteen patients received active laser treatment an ...
In 15 healthy and 20 hemiparetic persons we studied standing-up by two force-plates. Phases before and after the seat-off, force distribution and centre of gravity displacement were assessed. The patients rose significantly slower. The force ratios after seat-off differed significantly between the groups (0.88 vs 0.68). Left/right hemiparetic patients put more weight on the affected limb in 18%/11 ...
The outcome of a discharge planning procedure at a geriatric rehabilitation ward was studied with an interdisciplinary and multidimensional approach, where medical, nursing, functional and psychosocial factors were included. The patient's own expectations and attitude to functional performance and outcome were explored in an interview at the day of discharge and one month later in a follow-up tele ...