Content - Volume 27, Issue 1

All articles

Does hyperextension have an unloading effect on the intervertebral disc?
Magnusson ML, Pope MH, Hansson T.
A stadiometer (a device to measure the overall height of a subject) was used to determine the effect of hyperextension in rehydration of the intervertebral disc. Hyperextension for 20 minutes in a prone posture was compared with the prone posture alone for 20 minutes. The stadiometer measurement was made after the subject was exposed to 10 kg of loading applied to the shoulders for five minutes an ...
Pages: 5-9
Abstract  PDF
Physical and psychological workload in men with and without low back pain
Hultman G, Nordin M, Saraste H
Current and retrospective physical and psychological workload was studied in 148 mean, 45-55 years old. The men represented three groups with respect to low back health status: Healthy low back (Group 1, n = 36), intermittent low back pain (LBP) (Group 2, n = 91) and chronic LBP (Group 3, n = 21). The methods used were a self administered questionnaire, a rating scale of perceived exertion, and bl ...
Pages: 11-17
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The role of the psychologist in multidisciplinary treatments for chronic neck and shoulder pain: a controlled cost-effectiveness study
Jensen I, Nygren A, Gamberale F, Goldie I, Westerholm P, Jonsson E
This study was designed to determine a cost-effective use of psychologist resources in multimodal cognitive-behavioural treatments (MMCBT) for chronic neck/shoulder pain. A randomised controlled trial was conducted with 66 patients divided in two groups. The first group (A) was treated following the approach of MMCBT with the clinical psychologist only functioning as a "coach" to the other health ...
Pages: 19-26
Abstract  PDF
The Balance Scale: reliability assessment with elderly residents and patients with an acute stroke
The objective of this study was to assess the reliability of the Balance Scale. Subjects were chosen from a larger group of 113 elderly residents and 70 stroke patients participating in a psychometric study. Elderly residents were examined at baseline, and at 3, 6 and 9 months, and the stroke patients were evaluated at 2, 4, 6 and 12 weeks post onset. The Cronbach's alphas at each evaluation were ...
Pages: 27-36
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Gait analysis of hemiplegic patients by measurement of ground reaction force
Morita S, Yamamoto H, Furuya K.
Ground reaction force during walking was measured and analyzed in 58 patients who had been hemiplegic for more than 6 months. Utilizing the impulse (area between a component curve and the baseline) as an assessment value, several parameters were selected to represent the characteristics of each component curve (vertical, fore-aft and lateral) of the ground reaction force, and correlated with the d ...
Pages: 37-42
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Intervention design for rehabilitation at home after stroke. A pilot feasibility study
Widén Holmqvist L, de Pedro-Cuesta J, Holm M, Kostulas V.
This study aimed at identifying the characteristics and feasibility of rehabilitation at home for acute stroke patients in south-west Stockholm. A population-based systematic sample of 16 patients, fulfilling defined criteria, was selected from approximately 1/3 of the stroke patients having been in hospital for one week or more at a neurology department, and offered early discharge in combination ...
Pages: 43-50
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Metabolic response and muscle glycogen depletion pattern during prolonged electrically induced dynamic exercise in man
Kim CK, Bangsbo J, Strange S, Karpakka J, Saltin B
Muscle glycogen depletion pattern and metabolic responses during voluntary (VOL) and functional electrical stimulated (FES) dynamic knee-extensor exercise with one leg were evaluated. Seven healthy men exercised for 60 minutes at 30 W with an pulmonary oxygen uptake of 0. 8 and 1. 01 min-1, and respiratory exchange ratios of 0. 90 and 0. 95 in VOL and FES, respectively. Heart rate reached a level ...
Pages: 51-58
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Deterioration of motor function in myotonic dystrophy and hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy
Lindeman E, Leffers P, Spaans F, Drukker J, Reulen J
Pages: 59-64
Abstract  PDF