Content - Volume 28, Issue 4

All articles

Mobility in the cervico-thoracic motion segment: an indicative factor of musculo-skeletal neck-shoulder pain.
Norlander S, Aste-Norlander U, Nordgren B, Sahlstedt B.
The aim of the study was first to evaluate whether mobility in the cervico-thoracic motion segment is an indicative factor of musculo-skeletal neck-shoulder pain and secondly to compare differences in individual factors between cases and controls for female and male subjects. One-hundred-and-forty-two male electricians and 139 female laundry workers participated in a cross-sectional study. An exam ...
Pages: 183-192
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Influence of anthropometric and psychological variables pain and disability on isometric endurance of shoulder abduction in patients with rotator tendinosis of the shoulder.
Brox JI, Brevik JI, Ljunggren AE, Staff PH.
Predictors of isometric endurance of shoulder abduction were investigated in 18- to 75-year-old women (n = 59, mean age 48 years) and men (n = 53, mean age 46 years) with unilateral rotator tendinosis of the shoulder (median duration 1-2 years). They were asked to keep both shoulders abducted at 45 degrees, both wrists loaded with 2 kg, for as long as possible. The average force exerted to keep th ...
Pages: 193-200
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Isokinetic performance capacity of trunk muscles. Part I: The effect of repetition on measurement of isokinetic performance capacity of trunk muscles among healthy controls and two different groups of low-back pain patients
Hupli M, Hurri H, Luoto S, Sainio P, Alaranta H
The aim of this investigation was to assess the reproducibility of the isokinetic trunk muscle performance measurement among patients with different degrees of low-back pain. Twenty-two healthy volunteers, 20 patients with mild and 18 patients with severe low-back pain participated in isokinetic measurements. Lidoback isokinetic dynamometer was used. The measurements were performed with the subjec ...
Pages: 201-206
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Isokinetic performance capacity of trunk muscles. Part II: Coefficient of variation in isokinetic measurement in maximal effort and in submaximal effort.
Luoto S, Hupli M, Alaranta H, Hurri H.
It has been claimed that with the aid of isokinetic trunk strength measuring devices it is possible to distinguish true muscular weakness from submaximal effort in the test. This proposition is based on the presumption that in the isokinetic trunk strength test identical performances can only be reproduced by maximal effort. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether it is possible to di ...
Pages: 207-210
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Predictive validity of the Sødring Motor Evaluation of Stroke Patients (SMES).
Wyller TB, Sødring KM, Sveen U, Ljunggren AE, Bautz-Holter E.
The Sødring Motor Evaluation of Stroke Patients (SMES) has been developed as an instrument for the evaluation by physiotherapists of motor function and activities in stroke patients. The predictive validity of the instrument was studied in a consecutive sample of 93 acute stroke patients, assessed in the acute phase and after one year. The outcome measures were: survival, residence at home or in ...
Pages: 211-216
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Auditory feedback regulation of perturbed stance in stroke patients.
Petersen H, Magnusson M, Johansson R, Fransson PA
The effect of auditory input on impaired postural control perturbations was evaluated in two groups of stroke patients participating in a rehabilitation programme after a recent (< 12 months) and single episode of stroke, or less recent (> 12 months), and multiple episodes of stroke. Auditory input took the form of feedback signals generated by the forces actuated by the feet on a force platform i ...
Pages: 217-223
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Otoneurologic and audiologic findings in fibromyalgia
Rosenhall U, Johansson G, Orndahl G.
Patients with fibromyalgia were studied with otoneurological and audiological tests. Altogether 168 patients (141 women) participated. Vertigo/dizziness was reported by 72% of the patients. Sensorineural hearing loss was found in 15% of the cases. Auditory brainstem responses (ABR) and oculomotor tests were applied, and statistical comparisons between patients and controls were performed. Signific ...
Pages: 225-232
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Importance and attainment of life values among disabled and non-disabled people
Montgomery H, Persson LO, Rydén A.
How do disabled persons evaluate their life situation? To address this issue, importance and attainment ratings of 82 different life values as well as mood ratings were collected from 325 chronically ill and/or disabled persons and 504 non-disabled persons. Both groups largely agreed on what is important in life. The disabled persons, however, gave lower importance ratings on functions related to ...
Pages: 233-240
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