Content - Volume 30, Issue 4

All articles

High-intensity physical training in adults with asthma. A comparison between training on land and in water
Emtner M, Finne M, Stålenheim G.
The purpose of this study was to determine whether inactive asthmatic patients could perform high-intensity physical training equally well on land as in water, and to compare the effects of these training forms. Thirty-two adults with asthma, randomized into two groups, underwent a 10-week supervised rehabilitation program with emphasis on physical training. All patients, irrespective of training ...
Pages: 201-209
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Effectiveness of in-patient rehabilitation for sub-chronic and chronic low back pain by an integrative group treatment program (Swiss Multicentre Study)
Keel PJ, Wittig R, Deutschmann R, Diethelm U, Knüsel O, Löschmann C, Matathia R, Rudolf T, Spring H
In this multicentre intervention study, we compared an integrated group treatment program which combines psychological and education methods into a more active training approach, with the traditional individual approach of physiotherapy and physical procedures for sub-chronic and chronic low back pain. Our 411 patients had a 4-week inpatient treatment: 243 patients in an experimental program and 1 ...
Pages: 211-219
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Background variables (medical history, anthropometric and biological factors) in relation to the outcome of lumbar disc surgery
Graver V, Ljunggren AE, Loeb M, Haaland AK, Lie H, Magnaes B
In a prospective cohort study 122 patients with herniated intervertebral lumbar disc and no previous low back surgery preoperatively were assessed regarding medical history, anthropometric and biological background variables. The outcome of surgery (traditional methods) was evaluated one year postoperatively, mainly using a composite Clinical Overall Score (COS), including pain intensity, physical ...
Pages: 221-225
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Clinical overall score: outcome evaluation after lumbar disc surgery, assessments of reliability and validity
Graver V, Loeb M, Rasmussen F, Lie H, Ljunggren AE
In previous studies assessing prognostic factors for the outcome of lumbar disc surgery, a Clinical Overall Score (COS) based on four subsets-pain intensity (VAS), physical signs, functional status (Oswestry) and analgesics--was used as the main outcome criterion. Both the patient's and the examiner's opinions of outcome and return to work were registered. In this paper, assessments are made of re ...
Pages: 227-233
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Relations between self-rated musculoskeletal symptoms and signs and psychological distress in chronic neck and shoulder pain.
Dyrehag LE, Widerström-Noga EG, Carlsson SG, Kåberger K, Hedner N, Mannheimer C, Andersson SA.
The purposes of the present study were to describe physical and psychological characteristics of 55 chronic pain patients with predominantly nociceptive neck and shoulder complaints, and to explore relationships between physical assessment methods, self-reported pain and psychological distress. The physical measures included cervical and shoulder mobility and muscle tenderness. The Pain Severity a ...
Pages: 235-242
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Clinical symptoms related to musculoskeletal neck-shoulder pain and mobility in the cervico-thoracic spine
Norlander S, Nordgren B
In a cross-sectional study 142 male and 139 female workers participated in a self-report questionnaire and a clinical examination. The aim of this study was to use the cervico-thoracic ratio (CTR), a clinical method for measuring segmental mobility between C7 and T5, to evaluate the influence of segmental mobility in neck-shoulder pain and different subjectively experienced symptoms. The study sho ...
Pages: 243-251
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Profile of handicap situations in children with cerebral palsy
Lepage C, Noreau L, Bernard PM, Fougeyrollas P
The purposes of this study were to establish a profile of handicap situations in children with cerebral palsy and to identify some variables associated with the occurrence of these situations. Ninety-eight children with a diagnosis of cerebral palsy (mean age +/- 1 SD, 10. 5 +/- 3. 5 years) were recruited on a voluntary basis. The Life Habits Assessment (LIFE-H, version 1. 0) was used to measure t ...
Pages: 263-272
Abstract  PDF