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Content - Volume 32, Issue 1

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ORIGINAL REPORT
ETHICAL ISSUES IN REHABILITATION MEDICINE
Jeff Blackmer
t is only relatively recently that we have begun to examine ethical issues as they relate specifically to the speciality of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. Prior to this, most ethicists were more concerned with acute care medical issues involving life and death decisions. However, with the ageing population and the emphasis society now places on returning patients to the maximum possible lev ...
Pages: 51-55
Scientific Abstract  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
ASYMMETRIC VESTIBULAR FUNCTION IN THE ELDERLY MIGHT BE A SIGNIFICANT CONTRIBUTOR TO HIP FRACTURES
Ella K. Kristinsdottir, Gun-Britt Jarnlo and Måns Magnusson
The aim of this study was to assess postural control, vestibular symmetry and health status in otherwise healthy hip fracture subjects and compare these factors with controls. The fracture subjects were recruited from 113 consecutive patients operated 12–33 months earlier. Nine- teen of those were otherwise healthy and fulfilled the inclusion criteria. They were assessed and compared with 28 ...
Pages: 56-60
Scientific Abstract  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
RELIABILITY OF TORQUE MEASUREMENTS DURING PASSIVE ISOKINETIC KNEE MOVEMENTS IN HEALTHY SUBJECTS
G. Nuyens, W. De Weerdt, A. Spaepen, L. Janssens, P. Ketelaer and K. Bogaerts
In the literature, few data are available about the reliability of torque measured during passive isokinetic knee move- ments. This study investigated the consistency of torque measurements during passive knee movements at 60, 180 and 300°/second in 30 healthy subjects. Intraclass correla- tion values ranged between 0.78 and 0.92 when the results of two consecutive tests were compared. When ret ...
Pages: 61-65
Scientific Abstract  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
EFFECT OF IMMOBILIZATION ON ANKLE DORSIFLEXION STRENGTH
J. F. M. Geboers, J. H. van Tuijl, H. A. M. Seelen and M. R. Drost
This study was performed in order to determine the loss of strength of the dorsiflexors in healthy persons after immo- bilization of the ankle, and the ability of these muscles to regain strength. First, isometric ankle dorsiflexion strength was measured in 33 healthy male and 39 female subjects in age categories 20–40 and 40–80 years, in order to obtain reference data and to determine t ...
Pages: 66-71
Scientific Abstract  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
FUNCTIONAL ELECTRICAL STIMULATION-ASSISTED WALKING FOR PERSONS WITH INCOMPLETE SPINAL INJURIES: CHANGES IN THE KINEMATICS AND PHYSIOLOGICAL COST OF OVERGROUND WALKING
M. Ladouceur and H. Barbeau
This study was conducted to investigate the change in the kinematics and physiological cost of walking that occurs during training with functional electrical stimulation (FES)- assisted walking in persons with incomplete injuries. The main effect of FES-assisted walking was to change hip excursion and ankle dorsiflexion during swing and at foot contact, whereas training with FES-assisted walking c ...
Pages: 72-79
Scientific Abstract  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
A RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL OF REHABILITATION AT HOME AFTER STROKE IN SOUTHWEST STOCKHOLM: OUTCOME AT SIX MONTHS
Lena von Koch, Lotta Wide ́n Holmqvist, Vasilios Kostulas, Javier Almaza ́n and Jesus de Pedro-Cuesta
A 6-month follow-up of a single-blind, randomized, con- trolled trial in Southwest Stockholm was performed in order to evaluate the effect of early supported discharge and continued rehabilitation at home after stroke. Eighty-three stroke patients with moderate neurological impairments, continent, independent in feeding, and mental function within normal limits one week after onset were included i ...
Pages: 80-86
Scientific Abstract  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
ADAPTATION OF THE MODIFIED BARTHEL INDEX FOR USE IN PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION IN TURKEY
Ayse A. Ku ̈c ̧u ̈kdeveci, Gu ̈nes Yavuzer, Alan Tennant, Nurben Su ̈ldu ̈r, Birkan Sonel1 and Tansu Arasil
The aim of this study was to adapt the modified Barthel Index for Turkey and to determine its reliability and validity. After the translation procedure, 50 stroke patients and 50 spinal cord injury patients, undergoing inpatient rehabilitation were assessed by the newly adapted index at admission and discharge. Reliability was tested using internal consistency, inter-rater reliability and the intr ...
Pages: 87-92
Scientific Abstract  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
HOW DO STROKE PATIENTS FARE WHEN DISCHARGED STRAIGHT TO THEIR HOMES? A CONTROLLED STUDY ON THE SIGNIFICANCE OF HOSPITAL FOLLOW-UP AFTER ONE MONTH
Charlotte Ytterberg, Solveig Andersson Malm and Mona Britton
In our experience, stroke patients discharged straight to their homes sometimes showed marked deterioration. We investigated whether this negative course of events could be prevented by means of follow-up visits entailing extensive testing and resultant measures one month after discharge. The patients in our study included a selection of mild cases with a short length of hospital stay. Forty-six p ...
Pages: 93-96
Scientific Abstract  PDF