Content - Volume 34, Issue 2

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The First Year as Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Gunnar Grimby
This article does not have an abstract.
Pages: 49-50
Scientific Abstract  PDF
Treatment of upper extremity spasticity in stroke patients by focal neuronal or neuromuscular blockade: a systematic review of the literature
A. A. van Kuijk , A. C. H. Geurts , B. J. W. Bevaart , J. van Limbeek
Studies published from January 1966 until October 2000 on the clinical effects of focal neuronal and neuromuscular blockade in post stroke upper limb spasticity were identified. Twelve studies were included and evaluated on 13 methodological criteria. Ten studies on Botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) treatment were found (of which 4 were randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and 6 were uncontrolled obse ...
Pages: 51-61
Scientific Abstract  PDF
Does good trunk extensor performance protect against back-related work disability?
Aaro Rissanen , Markku Heliövaara , Hannu Alaranta , Simo Taimela , Esko Mälkiä , Paul Knekt , Antti Reunanen , Arpo Aromaa
In this cohort study, dynamic trunk extensor performance was studied as a predictor of permanent work disability due to back disorders. As part of the comprehensive Mini-Finland Health Survey in 1978-80, the back muscle performance of 535 persons (267 men, 268 women) was measured using standardized repetitive arch-up and sit-up tests. At baseline, the participants were between 30 and 64 years of a ...
Pages: 62-66
Scientific Abstract  PDF
A population-based study of factors associated with combinations of active and passive coping with neck and low back pain
Linda Carroll , Annalyn C. Mercado , J. David Cassidy , Pierre Côté
Pain coping strategies can be active or passive. Previous studies have examined these strategies separately, however individuals use combinations of both types of coping strategies. We examined the associations between sociodemographic, pain and health-related factors and combinations of active and passive strategies in a general population random sample of 1131 adults. Individuals reporting neck ...
Pages: 67-72
Scientific Abstract  PDF
Are perceived muscle tension, electromyographic hyperactivity and personality traits correlated in the fibromyalgia syndrome?
Sally Aspegren Kendall , Jessica Elert , Lisa Ekselius , Björn Gerdle
The study was performed to investigate the relationship between perceived muscle tension and electromyographic hyperactivity and to what extent electromyographic (EMG) hyperactivity relates to personality traits in fibromyalgics. Thirty-six females with fibromyalgia performed isokinetic maximal forward flexions of the shoulder combined with surface EMG recordings of the trapezius and infraspinatus ...
Pages: 73-79
Scientific Abstract  PDF
Ankle-foot orthosis has limited effect on walking test parameters among patients with peripheral ankle dorsiflexor paresis
J. F. M. Geboers , W. L. H. Wetzelaer , H. A. M. Seelen , F. Spaans , M. R. Drost
The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between ankle dorsiflexor strength and performances on several walking tests and to determine the effect of ankle-foot orthosis (AFO) use on walking tests. The following tests were used: 10-metre walking test (with and without three stairs), a complex walking task (6-minute walk with cognitive loading) and a subjective evaluation (SIP68 mobil ...
Pages: 80-85
Scientific Abstract  PDF
Movement-provoked muscle torque and emg activity in longstanding motor complete spinal cord injured individuals
Camilla Sköld , Karin Harms-Ringdahl , Åke Seiger
Muscle resistance was evaluated by measurement of movement-provoked torque performed during simultaneous thigh muscle EMG recordings in individuals with a motor complete spinal cord injury (SCI). Fifteen men with a motor complete (ASIA grade A or B) cervical injury participated in the study. The activity started at an average of 0.11 seconds after the start of the provoking movement as evidenced b ...
Pages: 86-90
Scientific Abstract  PDF
Test-retest reliability in isokinetic muscle strength measurements of the shoulder
Jetty van Meeteren , Marij E. Roebroeck , Henk J. Stam
Test-retest reliability is important for long-term follow-up; however, data on the reliability of isokinetic dynamometry of the shoulder are scarce. Twenty subjects (50% male) were measured; 10 with asymmetrical use of the arms (mean age 27 years) and 10 used their arms symmetrically (mean age 32 years). A Biodex(r) dynamometer (Multi joint system 2) was used. Abduction/adduction and ex ...
Pages: 91-95
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International Calendar
This article does not have an abstract.
Pages: 96-0
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CME Questions
This article does not have an abstract.
Pages: 97-104
Scientific Abstract  PDF