Content

Content - Volume 36, Issue 2

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Exercise reduces sick leave in patients with non-acute non-specific low back pain: a meta-analysis
Jan Kool A1, Rob de Bie A4, Peter Oesch A3, Otto Knüsel A2, Piet van den Brandt A4, Stefan Bachmann A2
Objectives: To investigate whether exercise alone or as a part of a multidisciplinary treatment reduces sick leave in patients with non-specific non-acute low back pain. Methods: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials was performed. A qualitative analysis of the sick leave results was performed applying pre-defined levels of evidence. In studies comparing exercise with usual ...
Pages: 49-62
Scientific Abstract  PDF
Possible interpretation of subjective complaints in patients with spontaneous subarachnoid haemorrhage
Aaro Toomela A1, Aleksander Pulver A2, Tiiu Tomberg A3, Anu Orasson A3, Arvo Tikk A3, Toomas Asser A3
Objective: To analyse factors related to subjective non-cognitive and cognitive complaints in patients with spontaneous subarachnoid haemorrhage. Subjects: Twenty-seven patients with subarachnoid haemorrhage and 27 age-, sex- and education-matched healthy controls. Methods: A battery of cognitive tests measuring visuo-spatial abilities, verbal abilities, and fine-motor skill, ...
Pages: 63-69
Scientific Abstract  PDF
Older people's use of powered wheelchairs for activity and participation
Åse Brandt A1, Susanne Iwarsson A2, Agneta Ståhle A3
Objective: The aims of this study were to investigate outcomes of older people's use of powered wheelchairs and risk factors for negative outcomes. Design: The study was a cross-sectional interview-study including 111 powered wheelchair users over 65 years of age. Results: All participants used their powered wheelchair in the summer; nearly all users regarded it as important a ...
Pages: 70-77
Scientific Abstract  PDF
Musculoskeletal pain in adults with cerebral palsy compared with the general population
Reidun Jahnsen A1, Lisbeth Villien A3, Geir Aamodt A4, Johan K Stanghelle A1, Inger Holm A5
Objective: To examine prevalence and localization of musculo-skeletal pain in adults with cerebral palsy compared with the general population and to investigate variables potentially associated with pain. Design: A postal survey. Subjects: Persons with cerebral palsy and no intellectual disabilities, 18 years or more, living in Norway. Methods: A multidimensional questi ...
Pages: 78-84
Scientific Abstract  PDF
Evaluation of changes in occupational performance among patients in a pain management program
Elisabeth Persson A1, Marcelo Rivano-Fischer A1, Mona Eklund A2
Objectives: The aims of this study were to evaluate changes in occupational performance among chronic pain patients after a pain management program and to explore relationships between these changes and demographic and clinical factors, psychosocial functioning and psychological well-being. Subjects: 188 consecutive patients were included. Methods: Changes were registered by u ...
Pages: 85-91
Scientific Abstract  PDF
A specific arm-interval exercise program could improve the health status and walking ability of elderly patients after total hip arthroplasty: a pilot study
Jérôme Maire A1, Anne-Françoise Faillenet-Maire A3, Céline Grange A1, Benoit Dugué A1, Nicolas Tordi A1, Bernard Parratte A6, Jean-Denis Rouillon A1
Objective: To investigate the influence of an arm-interval exercise program for the upper limbs on health status and walking ability in elderly patients after total hip arthroplasty. Design: A randomized controlled investigation. After surgery, a control group started a general rehabilitation program, and a training group combined it with an arm-interval exercise program. Subjects ...
Pages: 92-94
Scientific Abstract  PDF
From shame to respect: musculoskeletal pain patients' experience of a rehabilitation programme, a qualitative study
Monika Gustafsson A1, Jan Ekholm A1, Ann Öhman A2
Objective: This study aimed to describe and analyse how participants with fibromyalgia or chronic, widespread, musculoskeletal pain, 1 year after completion, experienced a rehabilitation programme; and what knowledge and strategies they had gained.Design, methods and subjects: Semi-structured interviews with 16 female patients were analysed using the grounded theory method of constan ...
Pages: 97-97
Scientific Abstract  PDF