Content - Volume 36, Issue 5

All articles

Acute and chronic whiplash disorders - a review
Ylva Sterner A1 and Björn Gerdle A2 A3
Objective: This review examines acute and chronic whiplash-associated disorders to facilitate assessment, treatment and rehabilitation for further research and evidence-based practises. Design: A review of the literature. Results and conclusion: Whiplash-associated disorders account for a large proportion of the overall impairment and disability caused by traffic injuries. Rarely can a definite in ...
Pages: 193-210
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Evaluation of four outpatient educational programmes for patients with longstanding fibromyalgia
Chris Henriksson A1, Ulla Carlberg A2, Mikael Kjällman A3, Gunnar Lundberg A4, K. G. Henriksson A1
Objective: Four programmes based on educational and cognitive principles but with a variation in total length and number of staff/patient contact hours were compared in order to gain further insight into the importance of the format of the programme for the final outcome. Design: A prospective non-randomized intervention study with 191 persons with fibromyalgia. Data were collected before, after a ...
Pages: 211-219
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Optimal stimulation frequency of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation on people with knee osteoarthritis
Pearl P. W. Law A1 and Gladys L. Y. Cheing A2
Objective: This is a double blind study that examined the optimal stimulation frequency of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation in reducing pain due to knee osteoarthritis. Subjects: Thirty-four subjects were randomly allocated into 4 groups receiving transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation at either: (i) 2 Hz; (ii) 100 Hz; (iii) an alternating frequency of 2 Hz and 100 Hz (2/100 Hz); o ...
Pages: 220-225
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Assessing disability in older adults: the effects of asking questions with and without health attribution
Nicole Dubuc A1, Stephen M. Haley A1, Jill T. Kooyoomjian A2, Alan M. Jette A2
Objective: To determine the effects of using questions with and without health attribution on scores derived from a self-report disability instrument. Methods: We administered the disability component of the Late Life Function and Disability Instrument to 75 community-dwelling older adults. Then, we administered the same 16 questions with attribution to specific health conditions. We used a series ...
Pages: 226-231
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Maximizing muscle force via low-cadence functional electrical stimulation cycling
Ché Fornusek A1 and Glen M. Davis A1
Objective: This study investigated the effect of pedal cadence upon torque production, power output and muscle fatigue rates during functional electrical stimulation evoked cycling in spinal cord injured individuals. Subjects: All subjects had complete thoracic spinal cord injuries T4-T9 (ASIA A) and had been functional electrical stimulation training regularly for at least 6 months. Methods: One ...
Pages: 232-237
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Does botulinum toxin a make prosthesis use easier for amputees?
Uwe Kern A1, Cochita Martin A2, Sigrun Scheicher A2, Hermann Müller A2
Four post-amputation patients (1 with phantom pain, 3 with stump pain) were each treated with 100 IU botulinum toxin A, divided between several trigger points in the distal stump musculature. In 1 female patient (along with a pronounced reduction in phantom pain) hyperhidrosis of the stump ceased completely, probably after diffusion of the drug into the dermal sweat glands, leading to longer and s ...
Pages: 238-239
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