Content - Volume 36, Issue 5

Editors choice in this issue

All articles

Acute and chronic whiplash disorders - a review
Ylva Sterner A1 and Björn Gerdle A2 A3
Objective: This review examines acute and chronic whiplash-associated disorders to facilitate assessment, treatment and rehabilitation for further research and evidence-based practises. Design: A review of the literature. Results and conclusion: Whiplash-associated disorders account for a large proportion of the overall impairment and disability caused by traffic injuries. Rar ...
Pages: 193-210
Scientific Abstract  PDF
Evaluation of four outpatient educational programmes for patients with longstanding fibromyalgia
Chris Henriksson A1, Ulla Carlberg A2, Mikael Kjällman A3, Gunnar Lundberg A4, K. G. Henriksson A1
Objective: Four programmes based on educational and cognitive principles but with a variation in total length and number of staff/patient contact hours were compared in order to gain further insight into the importance of the format of the programme for the final outcome. Design: A prospective non-randomized intervention study with 191 persons with fibromyalgia. Data were collected b ...
Pages: 211-219
Scientific Abstract  PDF
Optimal stimulation frequency of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation on people with knee osteoarthritis
Pearl P. W. Law A1 and Gladys L. Y. Cheing A2
Objective: This is a double blind study that examined the optimal stimulation frequency of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation in reducing pain due to knee osteoarthritis. Subjects: Thirty-four subjects were randomly allocated into 4 groups receiving transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation at either: (i) 2 Hz; (ii) 100 Hz; (iii) an alternating frequency of 2 Hz and 100 Hz ...
Pages: 220-225
Scientific Abstract  PDF
Assessing disability in older adults: the effects of asking questions with and without health attribution
Nicole Dubuc A1, Stephen M. Haley A1, Jill T. Kooyoomjian A2, Alan M. Jette A2
Objective: To determine the effects of using questions with and without health attribution on scores derived from a self-report disability instrument. Methods: We administered the disability component of the Late Life Function and Disability Instrument to 75 community-dwelling older adults. Then, we administered the same 16 questions with attribution to specific health conditions. We ...
Pages: 226-231
Scientific Abstract  PDF
Maximizing muscle force via low-cadence functional electrical stimulation cycling
Ché Fornusek A1 and Glen M. Davis A1
Objective: This study investigated the effect of pedal cadence upon torque production, power output and muscle fatigue rates during functional electrical stimulation evoked cycling in spinal cord injured individuals. Subjects: All subjects had complete thoracic spinal cord injuries T4-T9 (ASIA A) and had been functional electrical stimulation training regularly for at least 6 months. ...
Pages: 232-237
Scientific Abstract  PDF
Does botulinum toxin a make prosthesis use easier for amputees?
Uwe Kern A1, Cochita Martin A2, Sigrun Scheicher A2, Hermann Müller A2
Four post-amputation patients (1 with phantom pain, 3 with stump pain) were each treated with 100 IU botulinum toxin A, divided between several trigger points in the distal stump musculature. In 1 female patient (along with a pronounced reduction in phantom pain) hyperhidrosis of the stump ceased completely, probably after diffusion of the drug into the dermal sweat glands, leading to longer and s ...
Pages: 238-239
Scientific Abstract  PDF