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Content - Volume 37, Issue 2

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RELATION BETWEEN STIMULATION CHARACTERISTICS AND CLINICAL OUTCOME IN STUDIES USING ELECTRICAL STIMULATION TO IMPROVE MOTOR CONTROL OF THE UPPER EXTREMITY IN STROKE
Joke R. de Kroon A1, Maarten J. IJzerman A1, John Chae A2, Gustaaf J. Lankhorst A3, Gerrit Zilvold A1
Objective: Electrical stimulation can be applied in a variety of ways to the hemiparetic upper extremity following stroke. The aim of this review is to explore the relationship between characteristics of stimulation and the effect of electrical stimulation on the recovery of upper limb motor control following stroke. Methods: A systematic literature search was performed to identify c ...
Pages: 65-74
Scientific Abstract  PDF
RELIABILITY OF GAIT PERFORMANCE TESTS IN MEN AND WOMEN WITH HEMIPARESIS AFTER STROKE
Ulla-Britt Flansbjer A1 A2, Anna Maria Holmbäck A3, David Downham A4, Carolynn Patten A5 A6, Jan Lexell A1 A2 A7
Objective: To assess the reliability of 6 gait performance tests in individuals with chronic mild to moderate post-stroke hemiparesis. Design: An intra-rater (between occasions) test-retest reliability study. Subjects: Fifty men and women (mean age 58±6.4 years) 6-46 months post-stroke. Methods: The Timed "Up & Go" test, the Comfortable and the Fast Gait Speed te ...
Pages: 75-82
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SPEED AND PHYSIOLOGICAL COST INDEX OF HEMIPLEGIC PATIENTS PEDALLING A WHEELCHAIR WITH BOTH LEGS
Kenichiro Makino A1, Futoshi Wada A1, Kenji Hachisuka A1, Nami Yoshimoto A2, Saburo Ohmine A2
Objective: To determine whether hemiplegic patients can propel a leg-pedalling wheelchair and whether it is easier and faster for them to pedal the wheelchair using both legs alternately than to propel an ordinary wheelchair with their unaffected hand and leg. Design: Within-subject comparison. Subjects: Subjects comprised 10 hemiplegic in-patients (8 males, 2 females), aged 6 ...
Pages: 83-86
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USE OF ANALGESIC DRUGS IN INDIVIDUALS WITH SPINAL CORD INJURY
Cecilia Norrbrink Budh A1 A2 and Thomas Lundeberg A1 A3
Objective: This study set out to elucidate which factors are associated with or predictive for the use of analgesic drugs in patients with spinal cord injury and pain. Design: A cross-sectional descriptive study with a partly prospective cohort. Patients: One hundred and twenty-three patients with a spinal cord injury matched for gender, age, level of lesion and completeness o ...
Pages: 87-94
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DISABILITY, PAIN, PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS AND PHYSICAL PERFORMANCE IN HEALTHY CONTROLS, PATIENTS WITH SUB-ACUTE AND CHRONIC LOW BACK PAIN: A CASE-CONTROL STUDY
Jens Ivar Brox A1, Kjersti Storheim A2, Inger Holm A3, Astrid Friis A3, Olav Reikerås A1
Objective: To compare measures of disability, psychological factors, pain and physical performance in healthy controls, and patients with sub-acute and chronic low back pain. To evaluate the concept of the deconditioning syndrome and to explore factors that may contribute to chronicity. Design: Case-control study. Subjects: Three age- and gender-matched groups were included in ...
Pages: 95-99
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COPING STRATEGY USE: DOES IT PREDICT ADJUSTMENT TO CHRONIC BACK PAIN AFTER CONTROLLING FOR CATASTROPHIC THINKING AND SELF-EFFICACY FOR PAIN CONTROL?
Steve R. Woby A1 A2, Paul J. Watson A3, Neil K. Roach A4, Martin Urmston A1 A2
Objective: To explore whether coping strategy use predicted levels of adjustment in chronic low back pain after controlling for the influence of catastrophic thinking and self-efficacy for pain control. Methods: Eighty-four patients with chronic low back pain completed the Coping Strategies Questionnaire, a pain VAS and the Roland Disability Questionnaire. To derive composite measure ...
Pages: 100-107
Scientific Abstract  PDF
CORRELATION BETWEEN A NOVEL UPPER LIMB ACTIVITY MONITOR AND FOUR OTHER INSTRUMENTS TO DETERMINE FUNCTIONING IN UPPER LIMB COMPLEX REGIONAL PAIN SYNDROME TYPE I
Fabiënne C. Schasfoort A1, Johannes B. J. Bussmann A1, Henk J. Stam A1
Objective: To determine the place of a novel Upper Limb Activity Monitor in the field of instruments measuring functioning and health in upper limb complex regional pain syndrome type I, by exploring the correlation between the Upper Limb Activity Monitor and 4 questionnaires. Method: Subjects (n=30) were measured at home and correlations were calculated between the Upper Limb ...
Pages: 108-114
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EXERCISE THERAPY FOR SHOULDER PAIN AIMED AT RESTORING NEUROMUSCULAR CONTROL: A RANDOMIZED COMPARATIVE CLINICAL TRIAL
Karen A. Ginn A1 and Milton L. Cohen A2
Objective: To compare the effectiveness of exercise therapy aimed at restoring neuromuscular control mechanisms at the shoulder with other conservative interventions for the treatment of chronic shoulder pain with and without accompanying stiffness. Design: Randomized control trial. Patients: A total of 138 volunteers with unilateral shoulder pain of local mechanical origin. < ...
Pages: 115-122
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FEVER DURING POST-ACUTE REHABILITATION IN PATIENTS WITH BRAIN INJURY
Nilufer Kutay Ordu Gokkaya A1, Meltem Dalyan Aras A1, Oznur Oken A1, Fusun Koseoglu A1
Objective: To investigate the incidence of fever during the post-acute rehabilitation phase in patients with brain injury. Design: Prospective study. Subjects: Seventy-four patients with brain injury. Methods: Patients were evaluated for the presence of fever during the rehabilitation phase. Demographics, time since injury, acute hospital and rehabilitation stay, brain ...
Pages: 123-125
Scientific Abstract  PDF