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Content - Volume 38, Issue 1

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EFFECTS OF VISUAL FEEDBACK THERAPY ON POSTURAL CONTROL IN BILATERAL STANDING AFTER STROKE: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW
Objective: To establish whether bilateral standing with visual feedback therapy after stroke improves postural control compared with conventional therapy and to evaluate the generalization of the effects of visual feedback therapy on gait and gait-related activities.Design: A systematic review.Methods: A computer-aided literature search was performed. Randomized controlled tri ...
Pages: 3-9
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VIOLENCE TO AND MALTREATMENT OF PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES: A SHORT REVIEW
Objective: Violence to disabled persons constitutes a major ethical problem. The European Academy of Rehabilitation Medicine has debated the matter; it presents this short report to alert a wider audience to the problem, with the aim of provoking debate and facilitating prevention.Design: The Academy has produced a full report on the literature. The present short report summarizes th ...
Pages: 10-12
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CAN ELECTROACUPUNCTURE OR TRANSCUTANEOUS NERVE STIMULATION INFLUENCE COGNITIVE AND EMOTIONAL OUTCOME AFTER STROKE?
Objective: The authors know of no controlled randomized studies on the cognitive effects of acupuncture following stroke. The aim of this study is to assess the effects of acupuncture combined with electroacupuncture and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation on emotional and cognitive functioning.Methods: Five to 10 days after stroke, 54 patients with moderate or severe functio ...
Pages: 13-19
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EFFECTIVENESS OF A COMPREHENSIVE DAY TREATMENT PROGRAM FOR REHABILITATION OF PATIENTS WITH ACQUIRED BRAIN INJURY IN JAPAN
Objective: To assess the effectiveness of a day treatment program with a comprehensive team approach for treating outpatients with acquired brain injury, which is offered by the Kanagawa Rehabilitation Hospital.Design: Non-randomized controlled study.Subjects: Twenty-five program graduates and 12 control patients with acquired brain injury.Methods: A prospective study u ...
Pages: 20-25
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THE NEW SWEDISH POST-CONCUSSION SYMPTOMS QUESTIONNAIRE: A MEASURE OF SYMPTOMS AFTER MILD TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY AND ITS CONCURRENT VALIDITY AND INTER-RATER RELIABILITY
Objective: To study the concurrent validity and the inter-rater reliability of the Post-Concussion Symptoms Questionnaire.Design: The approach was to study the concurrent validity of the Post-Concussion Symptoms Questionnaire when used as an interview questionnaire compared with a self-report questionnaire administered by the patients. The inter-rater reliability was also studied whe ...
Pages: 26-31
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EFFECT OF NEUROMUSCULAR ELECTRICAL STIMULATION ON COUGH CAPACITY AND PULMONARY FUNCTION IN PATIENTS WITH ACUTE CERVICAL CORD INJURY
Objective: To assess the effectiveness of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) on cough capacity and prevention of pulmonary complication in patients with acute cervical cord injury.Design: A randomized controlled trial.Subjects: Twenty-six tetraplegic patients with cervical spinal cord injury, 13 in the NMES therapy group and 13 in the control group.Methods: NME ...
Pages: 32-36
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KINESIOPHOBIA AMONG PATIENTS WITH MUSCULOSKELETAL PAIN IN PRIMARY HEALTHCARE
Objectives: To describe the occurrence of kinesiophobia and to investigate the association between kinesiphobia and pain variables, physical exercise measures and psychological characteristics in patients with musculoskeletal pain.Design: A prospective descriptive study involving 2 selected physiotherapy departments within a primary healthcare setting in the south-west of Sweden.P ...
Pages: 37-43
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PREDICTIVE AND DISCRIMINATIVE VALUE OF SHOULDER PROPRIOCEPTION TESTS FOR PATIENTS WITH WHIPLASH-ASSOCIATED DISORDERS
Objective: To evaluate whether patients suffering from whiplash-associated disorders have impaired shoulder proprioception and whether the acuity of shoulder proprioception is reflected in the patients' symptoms and self-rated function.Design: A comparative group design, including a correlation design for the patient group.Subjects: Patients with chronic whiplash-associated di ...
Pages: 44-49
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DEVELOPMENT OF A SHORT VERSION OF THE MOTOR FIM™ FOR USE IN LONG-TERM CARE SETTINGS
Objective: To develop a short version of the motor Functional Independence Measure (FIM™) for use in long-term care settings.Participants: For model construction, the participants were 398 community-dwelling persons with disability (mean age 79.3 years (SD 10.3)) who were receiving visiting nurse services. For cross-validation, 169 patients with stroke (mean age 78.0 years (SD 11.2 ...
Pages: 50-56
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VALIDITY AND REPRODUCIBILITY OF HAND-HELD DYNAMOMETRY IN CHILDREN AGED 4–11 YEARS
Objective: To evaluate validity and reproducibility of hand-held dynamometry in 11 different muscle groups in children.Design and patients: Maximum isometric muscle strength was measured with a calibrated hand-held dynamometer in 61 patients aged 4–11 years who had been referred to our specialist centre in the past 3 years because of suspected myopathy. All the patients had had mus ...
Pages: 57-64
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LONG-TERM EFFECT OF LOW-FREQUENCY REPETITIVE TRANSCRANIAL MAGNETIC STIMULATION OVER THE UNAFFECTED POSTERIOR PARIETAL CORTEX IN PATIENTS WITH UNILATERAL SPATIAL NEGLECT*
Objective: To explore long-term effects on unilateral spatial neglect of low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) over the unaffected posterior parietal cortex.Design: Uncontrolled pilot study.Subjects: Two chronic-phase patients with left-sided unilateral spatial neglect from cerebral infarction.Methods: Six rTMS sessions were undertaken for 2 ...
Pages: 65-67
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COMPARISON OF REHABILITATION OUTCOME IN PATIENTS WITH APHASIC AND NON-APHASIC TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY
Objective: To compare the functional, cognitive and disability status of aphasic and non-aphasic traumatic brain injury patients.Design: A prospective comparative study in which 103 patients with traumatic brain injury participated.Subjects: Fifty-one aphasic and 52 non-aphasic patients with traumatic brain injury.Methods: Functional Independence Measure and Disability ...
Pages: 68-71
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BOOK REVIEW
This article does not have an abstract.
Page: 72
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ERRATUM
This article does not have an abstract.
Page: 72
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GENDER COMPARISONS OF FUNCTION-RELATED DEPENDENCE PAIN AND INSECURITY IN GERIATRIC REHABILITATION
Objective: To evaluate possible gender differences regarding the effect of intervention in geriatric rehabilitation, expressed in terms of change in function-related dependence, pain and insecurity.Design: Comparative study.Participants: A total of 110 women and 44 men undergoing geriatric rehabilitation.Methods: Performance-based assessments with use of the General Mot ...
Pages: 73-79
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