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Content - Volume 38, Issue 2

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PHYSICAL AND REHABILITATION MEDICINE IN EUROPE
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Pages: 81-86
Scientific Abstract  PDF
ETHNIC BACKGROUND DOES NOT INFLUENCE OUTCOME FOR RETURN-TO-WORK IN WORK-RELATED INTERDISCIPLINARY REHABILITATION FOR LONG-TERM PAIN: 1- AND 3-YEAR FOLLOW-UP
Background: It is often suggested that immigrants with long-term pain do not benefit from rehabilitation to the same extent as native Swedish patients. In this study, an 8-week rehabilitation programme was evaluated according to its adaptation for immigrants.Objectives: To establish whether there is a difference between immigrants and native Swedes concerning: (i) return-to-work, the ...
Pages: 87-92
Scientific Abstract  PDF
FUNCTIONING DESCRIPTION ACCORDING TO THE ICF MODEL IN CHRONIC BACK PAIN: DISABLEMENT APPEARS EVEN MORE COMPLEX WITH DECREASING SYMPTOM-SPECIFICITY
Objective: To determine the significance of degree of symptom-specificity in the disablement condition in chronic back pain.Design: Cross-sectional design.Subjects: All inhabitants of a restricted geographical area of Norway, who had had 8 weeks of sick-leave due to back pain during a 2-year period, were included in this study. Following examination they were diagnosed as havi ...
Pages: 93-99
Scientific Abstract  PDF
APPLIED RELAXATION IN THE TREATMENT OF LONG-LASTING NECK PAIN: A RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED PILOT STUDY
Objectives: To evaluate the feasibility of study design and method for evaluating effects of interventions on patients with long-lasting neck pain and to compare treatment effects of: (i) a pain and stress management group intervention with applied relaxation, and (ii) individual physiotherapy treatment as usual.Design: Randomized controlled pilot study.Subjects: Thirty-seven ...
Pages: 100-107
Scientific Abstract  PDF
EVALUATION OF IDEOMOTOR APRAXIA IN PATIENTS WITH STROKE: A STUDY OF RELIABILITY AND VALIDITY
Objective: This aim of this study was to determine the reliability and validity of an established ideomotor apraxia test when applied to a Turkish stroke patient population and to healthy controls.Subjects: The study group comprised 50 patients with right hemiplegia and 36 with left hemiplegia, who had developed the condition as a result of a cerebrovascular accident, and 33 age-matc ...
Pages: 108-112
Scientific Abstract  PDF
IMPACT OF EARLY VS DELAYED ADMISSION TO REHABILITATION ON FUNCTIONAL OUTCOMES IN PERSONS WITH STROKE
Objective: Delayed admission to rehabilitation may result in poorer outcomes by reducing exposure to therapeutic interventions at a time when the brain is primed for neurological recovery. The present study examined the effects of early vs delayed admission on functional outcome and length of stay in patients admitted to a rehabilitation unit for first-ever unilateral stroke.Design: ...
Pages: 113-117
Scientific Abstract  PDF
INTRA- AND INTER-RATER RELIABILITY OF THE ASSESSMENT OF CAPACITY FOR MYOELECTRIC CONTROL
Objective: To examine the reliability of the Assessment of Capacity for Myoelectric Control (ACMC) in children and adults with a myoelectric prosthetic hand.Design. Intra-rater and inter-rater reliability estimated from reported assessments by 3 different raters.Patients: A sample of convenience of 26 subjects (11 males, 15 females) with upper limb reduction deficiency or ampu ...
Pages: 118-123
Scientific Abstract  PDF
FATIGUE, LEVEL OF EVERYDAY PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND QUALITY OF LIFE AFTER LIVER TRANSPLANTATION
Objective: To assess whether liver transplant recipients have a hypoactive (sedentary) lifestyle and whether the level of everyday physical activity is related to complaints of fatigue. In addition, we explored the relationship between activity level and health-related quality of life.Design: Case comparison.Subjects. Eight persons 6–36 months after liver transplantation wit ...
Pages: 124-129
Scientific Abstract  PDF
EFFECTS OF PHYSICAL EXERCISE ON QUALITY OF LIFE, EXERCISE CAPACITY AND PULMONARY FUNCTION IN CHILDREN WITH ASTHMA
Objective: To investigate the effects of regular submaximal exercise on quality of life, exercise capacity and pulmonary function in asthmatic children.

Patients and methods: Sixty-two children with mild–moderate asthma (mean age 10.4 (SD 2.1) years) were randomly allocated into exercise and control groups. The exercise group underwent a moderately intensive basketball train ...
Pages: 130-135
Scientific Abstract  PDF
MYASTHENIA GRAVIS MASQUERADING AS POST-POLIOMYELITIS SYNDROME
A 79-year-old man with previous bulbar poliomyelitis developed dysphagia and was diagnosed as having post-polio syndrome. Over 2 years, his swallowing deteriorated and he suffered an aspiration pneumonia. Only after the subsequent development of fatigue and facial weakness was myasthenia gravis diagnosed. Diagnostic criteria for post-polio syndrome include the exclusion of all other neurological c ...
Pages: 136-137
Scientific Abstract  PDF
EFFECT OF INTRAVENOUS IMMUNOGLOBULIN IN PATIENTS WITH POST-POLIO SYNDROME – AN UNCONTROLLED PILOT STUDY
Objective: To analyse changes in muscle strength, physical performance and quality of life during intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) treatment in patients with post-polio syndrome.Design: Open clinical trial.Patients: A total of 14 patients (6 women, 8 men; mean age 57 years, range 43–67 years) were included in the study.Intervention: Treatment with 90 g IVIg (30 g dai ...
Pages: 138-140
Scientific Abstract  PDF
HOW GREAT IS WILLINGNESS TO PAY FOR RECOVERY FROM SEQUELAE AFTER SEVERE TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY IN JAPAN?
Objective: To evaluate the burden on families with a family member suffering traumatic brain injury sequelae in Japan.Design: Cross-sectional study.Methods: Family members' burden from the sequelae of traumatic brain injury was estimated by use of willingness-to-pay models and the contingent valuation method. A national survey among 1707 members of the Japan Traumatic Brain In ...
Pages: 141-143
Scientific Abstract  PDF