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Content - Volume 38, Issue 5

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P-DRIVE: ASSESSMENT OF DRIVING PERFORMANCE AFTER STROKE
Objective: To investigate aspects of validity and stability of Performance Analysis of Driving Ability (P-Drive), for people with stroke when used in a driving simulator.

Design: A cross-sectional observational study.

Subjects: The study included a consecutive series of 101 participants with stroke referred for evaluation or selected from a stroke registry.

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Pages: 273-279
Scientific Abstract  PDF
RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN INDEPENDENCE LEVEL OF SINGLE MOTOR-FIM ITEMS AND FIM-MOTOR SCORES IN PATIENTS WITH HEMIPLEGIA AFTER STROKE: AN ORDINAL LOGISTIC MODELLING STUDY
Objective: To assess the relationships between independence levels of single motor-related Functional Independence Measure (FIM™) items and summed FIM-motor scores of patients with hemiplegia after stroke.

Design: For each patient FIM scores were assessed 4 times during hospitalization. Ordinal logistic analyses were performed on group data.

Subjects: Fifty patie ...

Pages: 280-286
Scientific Abstract  PDF
KINEMATIC AND KINETIC ASYMMETRIES IN HEMIPLEGIC PATIENTS' GAIT INITIATION PATTERNS
Objective: To assess the kinetic and kinematic characteristics of hemiplegic stroke patients' gait initiation patterns during the various gait initiation phases.

Design and subjects: Gait initiation was studied in 3 hemiplegic subjects with a spastic equinus varus foot and 3 control subjects.

Methods: Temporal and kinetic analysis of gait initiation was performed w ...

Pages: 287-294
Scientific Abstract  PDF
LEARNING OF A NOVEL VISUO-POSTURAL CO-ORDINATION TASK IN ADULTS WITH MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS
Objective: A behavioural study was conducted to investigate how cerebellar dysfunction associated with multiple sclerosis affects the ability to learn a novel visuo-postural co-ordination task.

Design: A prospective design, 2 group by 1 treatment (4 practice blocks).

Subjects: Ten patients with multiple sclerosis diagnosed with cerebellar ataxia and 10 age-matched ...

Pages: 295-301
Scientific Abstract  PDF
WHOLE-BODY VIBRATION TRAINING COMPARED WITH RESISTANCE TRAINING: EFFECT ON SPASTICITY, MUSCLE STRENGTH AND MOTOR PERFORMANCE IN ADULTS WITH CEREBRAL PALSY
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect on spasticity, muscle strength and motor performance after 8 weeks of whole-body vibration training compared with resistance training in adults with cerebral palsy.

Methods: Fourteen persons with spastic diplegia (21–41 years) were randomized to intervention with either whole-body vibration training (n=7) or r ...

Pages: 302-308
Scientific Abstract  PDF
FACTORS RELATING TO CARER BURDEN FOR FAMILIES OF PERSONS WITH MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY
Objective: To assess the burden on family carers of persons with muscular dystrophy living in their homes and to determine factors contributing to carer burden.

Methods: The study included 56 dyads of people with muscular dystrophy and their family carers. The variables for carer burden were compared by logistic regression in 2 carer groups (burden + /burden–).

R ...

Pages: 309-315
Scientific Abstract  PDF
SOCIOECONOMIC POSITION AND VARIATIONS IN COPING STRATEGIES IN MUSCULOSKELETAL PAIN: A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY OF 1287 40- AND 50-YEAR-OLD MEN AND WOMEN
Objective: To examine the association between socioeconomic position and coping strategies in musculoskeletal pain.

Design and subjects: Cross-sectional study of a random sample of 40- and 50-year-old Danes, participation rate 69%, n=7125. The study included 1287 persons who reported functional limitations due to musculoskeletal pain.

Methods: Data was colle ...

Pages: 316-321
Scientific Abstract  PDF
AEROBIC CAPACITY, MUSCLE STRENGTH AND HEALTH-RELATED QUALITY OF LIFE BEFORE AND AFTER ORTHOTOPIC LIVER TRANSPLANTATION: PRELIMINARY DATA OF AN AUSTRIAN TRANSPLANTATION CENTRE
Objective: Patients before orthotopic liver transplantation usually show a reduced physical performance status, which impacts on their daily life and social participation. This pilot study aimed to evaluate endurance capacity, muscle strength, and quality of life before and after orthotopic liver transplantation in patients in an Austrian transplantation centre.

Subjects: Fifte ...

Pages: 322-328
Scientific Abstract  PDF
IMPACT OF POST-POLIO-RELATED FATIGUE ON QUALITY OF LIFE
Objective: To assess the impact of post-polio-related fatigue on quality of life.

Design: Cross-sectional case control study.

Subjects: Patients without additional health problems that may induce fatigue were selected from among 82 polio survivors. Twenty-six patients with post-polio syndrome and 10 without post-polio syndrome were included. Control group consisted ...

Pages: 329-332
Scientific Abstract  PDF
CONCURRENT VALIDITY OF THE COMMUNITY INTEGRATION QUESTIONNAIRE IN PATIENTS WITH TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY IN JAPAN
Objective: To examine the concurrent validity of the Community Integration Questionnaire (CIQ) by comparing actual participation in community activities by individuals with traumatic brain injury.

Design: Cross-sectional survey.

Subjects: A total of 148 community-dwelling patients in Japan with a medical diagnosis of traumatic brain injury.

Methods: A ...

Pages: 333-335
Scientific Abstract  PDF