Content

Content - Volume 41, Issue 4

Editors choice in this issue

All articles

REVIEW ARTICLE
When is a case-control study not a case-control study?
Nancy E. Mayo, Mark S. Goldberg
Objective: There is confusion in the rehabilitation literature about case-control studies because terms such as “cases” and “controls”, used to refer to the subjects in the study, are confused with the design of the study. The aim of this study was to estimate the extent to which the label “case-control study” is misused in the rehabilitation literature and in the lit ...
Pages: 209-216
Scientific Abstract  PDF
SPECIAL REPORT
When is a case-control study a case-control study?
Nancy E. Mayo, Mark S. Goldberg
Rehabilitation professionals rarely ask questions about the etiology of health events or outcomes and may not have formal training or relevant experience in the design of studies whose intent is to identify causal factors. The case-control study, which is one design used to answer questions about etiology, is particularly difficult to understand and research has shown that this study design label ...
Pages: 217-222
Scientific Abstract  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
Muscle strength is significantly associated with hip bone mineral density in women with parkinson’s disease: A cross-sectional study
Marco Y.C. Pang, Margaret K.Y. Mak
Objective: To study the influence of physical impairments on hip bone mineral density in women with Parkinson’s disease. Design: Cross-sectional study. Subjects/patients: Thirty-four women with Parkinson’s disease and 30 age-matched healthy controls. Methods: Patients with Parkinson’s disease underwent a hip scan using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and total hip bone mineral ...
Pages: 223-230
Scientific Abstract  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
Shortened constraint-induced movement therapy in subacute stroke – No effect of using a restraint: A randomized controlled study with independent observers
Christina Brogårdh, Monika Vestling, Bengt H. Sjölund
Objective: To examine the effect of using a mitt during shortened constraint-induced movement therapy for patients in the subacute phase after stroke. Subjects: Twenty-four patients with stroke (mean age 57.6 (standard deviation (SD) 8.5) years; average 7 weeks post-stroke) with mild to moderate impaired hand function. Methods: The patients were randomized to mitt use or no mitt use on the less ...
Pages: 231-236
Scientific Abstract  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
A prospective study on coping strategies and quality of life in patients after stroke, assessing prognostic relationships and estimates of cost-effectiveness
Anne-Sophie E. Darlington, Diederik W.J. Dippel, Gerard M. Ribbers, Romke van Balen, Jan Passchier, Jan J.V. Busschbach
Objective: To examine the prognostic value of coping strategies of patients after stroke at time of discharge on quality of life approximately one year later. In addition, we estimated the maximum cost of improving quality of life by enhancing coping strategies using strict assumptions. Methods: Eighty patients with a stroke completed several questionnaires, at discharge to home and 9–12 mon ...
Pages: 237-241
Scientific Abstract  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
Effects of a functional electrical stimulation-assisted leg-cycling wheelchair on reducing spasticity of patients after stroke
Hsin-Chang Lo, Kuen-Horng Tsai, Fong-Chin Su, Guang-Liang Chang, Chun-Yu Yeh
Objective: To determine whether short-term propulsion of a functional electrical stimulation-assisted leg-cycling wheelchair (FES-LW) in patients with stroke can reduce spasticity of the affected leg and whether FES has additional effects on reducing spasticity. Design: Within-subject comparison. Subjects: A total of 17 patients after stroke were recruited from the university hospital. Methods: ...
Pages: 242-246
Scientific Abstract  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
Efficacy of a fitness centre-based exercise programme compared with a home-based exercise programme in traumatic brain injury: A randomized controlled trial
Leanne M. Hassett, Anne M. Moseley, Robyn L. Tate, Alison R. Harmer, Timothy J. Fairbairn, Joan Leung
Objective: To compare the effects of a supervised fitness centre-based exercise programme with an unsupervised home-based exercise programme on cardiorespiratory fitness and psychosocial functioning in people with traumatic brain injury. Design: Multi-centre, assessor-blinded, parallel group, ran¬domized controlled trial. Participants: Sixty-two participants with severe traumatic brain injur ...
Pages: 247-255
Scientific Abstract  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
Pain reduction using transcranial electrostimulation: A double-blind “active placebo" controlled trial
Lidia Gabis, Bentzion Shklar, Yael Kesner Baruch, Raanan Raz, Eddy Gabis, Daniel Geva
Objective: To examine the efficacy of transcranial electrical stimulation as a non-invasive method of reducing pain. Design: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Subjects: A total of 119 patients with chronic pain. Methods: Patients were treated with either transcranial electrical stimulation or an active placebo device. Short- and long-term follow-ups were evaluated for trea ...
Pages: 256-261
Scientific Abstract  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
Physical deconditioning in chronic low back pain
Ivan Duque, José-Hernán Parra, Alain Duvallet
Objective: To establish the level of cardiorespiratory fitness and the rate of decrease in maximal aerobic capacity according to age in patients with chronic low back pain and compare these with normative data. Design: Prospective case series with historical controls. Subjects/patients: Seventy patients with chronic low back pain. Methods: A maximal cycle ergometer protocol was used to measure ...
Pages: 262-266
Scientific Abstract  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
Disability assessment interview: The role of detailed information on functioning in addition to medical history-taking
Jerry Spanjer, Boudien Krol, Roel Popping, Johan W. Groothoff, Sandra Brouwer
Objective: To investigate whether the provision of detailed information on participation and activity limitations, compared with medical information alone, influences the assessment of work limitations by physicians. Methods: Three groups each of 9 insurance physicians used written interview reports to assess work limitations in 30 patients with low back pain or lower extremity problems. Each gr ...
Pages: 267-272
Scientific Abstract  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
Reliability and validity of a chinese version of the pediatric evaluation of disability inventory in children with cerebral palsy
Kuan-Lin Chen, Ching-Lin Hsieh, Ching-Fan Sheu, Fu-Chang Hu, Mei-Hui Tseng
Objectives: To examine the reliability and validity of a Chinese version of the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory in children with cerebral palsy. Design: A prospective study. Subjects: Two samples: 58 children with cerebral palsy (mean age 65.4 (standard deviation 29.9) months) and 89 normally developing children (mean age 43.5 (standard deviation 20.6) months). Methods: The Pediatr ...
Pages: 273-278
Scientific Abstract  PDF
SHORT COMMUNICATION
Short Form 36 assessed health-related quality of life after focal spasticity therapy
Ulla Bergfeldt, Camilla Sköld, Per Julin
Objective: Analysis of the impact of an individualized comprehensive focal spasticity management on health-related quality of life. Design: Prospective observational and interventional 12-week trial in a single-centre rehabilitation outpatient clinic. Patients: Forty-one adult patients with upper motor neurone lesions (23 men), mean age 52 (standard deviation 13) years; 27 stroke, 7 cerebral pal ...
Pages: 279-281
Scientific Abstract  PDF
ORIGINAL REPORT
Effect of detraining on bone and muscle tissue in subjects with chronic spinal cord injury after a period of electrically-stimulated cycling: A small cohort study
Angela Frotzler, Sylvie Coupaud, Claudio Perret, Tanja H. Kakebeeke, Kenneth J. Hunt, Prisca Eser
Objective: To investigate adaptive changes in bone and muscle parameters in the paralysed limbs after detraining or reduced functional electrical stimulation (FES) induced cycling following high-volume FES-cycling in chronic spinal cord injury. Subjects: Five subjects with motor-sensory complete spinal cord injury (age 38.6 years, lesion duration 11.4 years) were included. Four subjects stopped ...
Pages: 282-285
Scientific Abstract  PDF
CASE REPORT
Significant recovery of motor function in a patient with complete T7 paraplegia receiving etanercept
Mickaël Dinomais, Laura Stana, Guy Egon, Isabelle Richard, Philippe Menei
Objective: To report an unusual case of significant motor recovery in a patient with T7 complete paraplegia treated with etanercept for ankylosing spondylitis. Design: Case report. Results: During the first year sensory-motor recovery occurred, and the American Spinal Injury Association Impairment Scale (AIS) improved from A to D. Conclusion: Initial spinal cord injury is a direct consequence ...
Pages: 286-288
Scientific Abstract  PDF
Muscle strength in Parkinson’s disease. Commentary on Pang and Mak (2008)
Mark A. Hirsch
This artice does not have an abstract
Pages: 291-292
Scientific Abstract  PDF
LETTER TO THE EDITOR
Cognitive behavioural group therapy in mild cognitive impairment: Intervention with a cognitive or behavioural/psychological focus?
Francesco Panza, Vincenza Frisardi, Andrea Santamato, Cristiano Capurso, Alessia D’Introno, Anna M. Colacicco, Maurizio Ranieri, Vincenzo Solfrizzi
This artice does not have an abstract
Pages: 293-294
Scientific Abstract  PDF
LETTER TO THE EDITOR
From Bruges to Venice 1: Towards a common structure for international physical and rehabilitation medicine congresses
Stefano Negrini, Jan D. Reinhardt , Gerold Stucki, Alessandro Giustini
This artice does not have an abstract
Pages: 297-298
Scientific Abstract  PDF
LETTER TO THE EDITOR
From Bruges to Venice 2: Towards a comprehensive abstract topic list for international physical and rehabilitation medicine congresses
Christoph Gutenbrunner, Jan D. Reinhardt , Gerold Stucki, Alessandro Giustini
This artice does not have an abstract
Pages: 299-302
Scientific Abstract  PDF