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Content - Volume 41, Issue 8

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REVIEW ARTICLE
Predicting walking ability following lower limb amputation: A systematic review of the literature
Kate Sansam, Vera Neumann, Rory O’Connor, Bipin Bhakta
Objective: To investigate factors that predict walking with a prosthesis after lower limb amputation. Design: Systematic literature review. Methods: A computer-aided literature search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL and the Cochrane Library was performed to identify studies published up to August 2007 that investigated factors that predicted walking ability after lower limb amputation. Results: A t ...
Pages: 593-603
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Predictors of pain and function outcome after rehabilitation in patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome
Sara R. Piva, G. Kelley Fitzgerald, Stephen Wisniewski, Anthony Delitto
Objective: To identify changes in impairments associated with functional and pain outcome in patients with patello­femoral pain syndrome following a standardized physiotherapy treatment. Design: One group pre-post design. Subjects: Seventy-four patients (median age 27 years, 52% female) diagnosed with patellofemoral pain syndrome and referred to physiotherapy treatment. Methods: Baseline ...
Pages: 604-612
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Diagnostic accuracy and reliability of muscle strength and endurance measurements in patients with chronic low back pain
Wolfgang Gruther, Franziska Wick, Birgit Paul, Christoph Leitner, Martin Posch, Michael Matzner, Richard Crevenna, Gerold Ebenbichler
Objective: Dynamometric trunk muscle strength and endurance tests are performed widely within the rehabilitation management of chronic low back pain. The aim of this study was to examine the accuracy and long-term reliability of these measurements in patients with chronic low back pain. Design: Cross-sectional study. Subjects: Thirty-two patients with chronic low back pain, 19 healthy controls a ...
Pages: 613-619
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Association between catastrophizing and self-rated pain and disability in patients with chronic low back pain
Kathrin Meyer, Alois Tschopp, Haiko Sprott, Anne Frances Mannion
Background: Catastrophizing plays an important role in models of pain chronicity, showing a consistent correlation with both pain intensity and disability. It is conceivable that these associations are mediated or confounded by other psychological attributes. Objective: To examine the relative influence of catastrophizing and other psychological variables on pain and disability in patients with ...
Pages: 620-625
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Efficacy of neck stabilization exercises for neck pain: A randomized controlled study
Yesim Dusunceli, Cihat Ozturk, Funda Atamaz, Simin Hepguler, Berrin Durmaz
Objective: To determine the efficacy of neck stabilization exercises in the management of neck pain. Patients and methods: Sixty patients with neck pain were randomized to 3 groups, as follows: group 1 – physical therapy agents including transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, continuous ultrasound and infra-red irradiation; group 2 – physical therapy agents + isometric and stretch ...
Pages: 626-631
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Quasi-experimental evaluation of a stress management programme for female county and municipal employees on long-term sick leave due to work-related psychological complaints
Giorgio Grossi, Bo Santell
Objective: To evaluate the effects of a stress management intervention among 24 female patients on sick leave due to work-related psychological complaints. Methods: The study design was quasi-experimental. All participants received a standard individual treatment for stress at a company healthcare unit. Half of the sample was also enrolled in a group intervention aimed at coping with psychologic ...
Pages: 632-638
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Acoustic analysis of swallowing sounds: A new technique for assessing dysphagia
Andrea Santamato, Francesco Panza, Vincenzo Solfrizzi, Anna Russo, Vincenza Frisardi, Marisa Megna, Maurizio Ranieri, Pietro Fiore
Objective: To perform acoustic analysis of swallowing sounds, using a microphone and a notebook computer system, in healthy subjects and patients with dysphagia affected by neurological diseases, testing the positive/negative predictive value of a pathological pattern of swallowing sounds for penetration/aspiration. Design: Diagnostic test study, prospective, not blinded, with the penetration/as ...
Pages: 639-645
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Variations in follow-up services after inpatient stroke rehabilitation: A multicentre study
Koen Putman, Liesbet De Wit, Wilfred Schupp, Ilse Baert, Nadine Brinkmann , Eddy Dejaeger, Willy De Weerdt, Hilde Feys, Walter Jenni, Christiane Kaske, Nadina Lincoln, Fred Louckx , Birgit Schuback , Bozena Smith , Mark Leys
Background: Care after discharge from inpatient stroke rehabilitation units varies across Europe. The aim of this study was to compare service delivery after discharge. Methods: A total of 532 consecutive patients after stroke were recruited from 4 European rehabilitation centres in Germany, Switzerland, Belgium and the UK. At 2-month intervals, clinical assessments and structured interviews were ...
Pages: 646-653
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Prognostic value of motor evoked potentials in motor function recovery of upper limb after stroke
Assunta Pizzi, Riccardo Carrai, Catuscia Falsini, Monica Martini, Sonia Verdesca, Antonello Grippo
Objective: To determine the prognostic value of clinical assessment and motor evoked potentials for upper limb strength and functional recovery after acute stroke, and to establish the possible use of motor evoked potentials in rehabilitation. Design: A prospective study. Subjects: Fifty-two patients with hemiparesis were enrolled one month post-stroke; 38 patients concluded the study at 12 mo ...
Pages: 654-660
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Abnormal regional benzodiazepine receptor uptake in the prefrontal cortex in patients with mild traumatic brain injury
Keiji Hashimoto, Masahiro Abo
Objective: The diagnosis and management of mild traumatic brain injury continues to be a subject of debate, with varying opinions regarding the extent to which organically based impairments vs the impact of other stressors cause ongoing disability. The aim of this study was to elucidate the possible abnormalities in benzodiazepine receptor uptake in the brains of patients with mild traumatic brain ...
Pages: 661-665
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Association of age with long-term psychosocial outcome following traumatic brain injury
Dawn Senathi-Raja, Jennie Ponsford, Michael Schönberger
Objective: To examine the association of age with long-term psychosocial outcome following traumatic brain injury. Participants: One hundred and twelve participants with mild to very severe traumatic brain injury, aged 26–89 years at 5–22 years post-injury, 112 significant others and 112 healthy controls matched for current age, gender, education and estimated IQ. Methods: Changes in ...
Pages: 666-673
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Functional electrical stimulation-assisted cycling of patients with multiple sclerosis: Biomechanical and functional outcome – A pilot study
Johann Szecsi, Cornelia Schlick, Martin Schiller, Walter Pöllmann, Nikolaus Koenig, Andreas Straube
Objective: To determine whether functional electrical stimulation-supported ergometric training of patients with multiple sclerosis has a prosthetic or therapeutic effect on biomechanical (power, smoothness of cycling) and functional outcomes (walking capability, strength of muscle, spasticity). Design: Twelve subjects with multiple sclerosis participated in an electrical stimulation-supported ...
Pages: 674-680
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SHORT COMMUNICATION
Skin disorders in patients with hemiplegia and paraplegia
Ülker Gül, Seray Külcü Çakmak, Sumru Özel, Pelin Bingöl, Kurtuluş Kaya
Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of skin disorders in patients with hemiplegia and paraplegia. Several skin disorders have been reported previously in these patients. Methods: Seventy inpatients with hemiplegia, 30 with paraplegia, and 90 individuals as a control group were included in the study. Results: The most common skin disorder in the patient group was tine ...
Pages: 681-683
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SHORT COMMUNICATION
Inpatient rehabilitation services for patients after stroke in Thailand: A multi-centre study
Vilai Kuptniratsaikul, Apichana Kovindha, Pornpimon Massakulpan, Wutichai Permsirivanich, Patcharawimol Srisa-an Kuptniratsaikul
Objective: To set a baseline for measuring the development of medical rehabilitation services and outcomes for patients after stroke and promoting rehabilitation medicine in Thailand. Design: Multi-centre, prospective study. Subjects: Patients after stroke in Thai Stroke Rehabilitation Registry (TSRR), aged ≥ 18 years, with stable medical signs, able to follow a 1-step command and sit ...
Pages: 684-686
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