Content

Content - Volume 41, Issue 9

Editors choice in this issue

All articles

SPECIAL REPORT
Rehabilitating torture survivors
Bengt H. Sjölund, Marianne Kastrup, Edith Montgomery, Ann L. Persson
Refugees have often been exposed to torture in their countries of origin. A core issue is the resulting multifaceted presentation of somatic, psychological and social problems in the same individual, leading to severe activity limitations and participation restrictions. An international conference, “Rehabilitating Torture Survivors”, was organized by the Rehabilitation and Research Cen ...
Pages: 689-696
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Mobility devices to promote activity and participation: A systematic review
Anna-Liisa Salminen, Åse Brandt, Kersti Samuelsson, Outi Töytäri, Antti Malmivaara
Objective: To determine the effectiveness of mobility device interventions in terms of activity and participation for people with mobility limitations. Design: Systematic review. Search of 7 databases during the period 1996 to 2008. Methods: Controlled studies and non-controlled follow-up studies were included if they covered both baseline and follow-up data and focused on activity and participa ...
Pages: 697-706
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REVIEW ARTICLE
A review of the relationship between dysphagia and malnutrition following stroke
Norine C. Foley, Ruth E. Martin , Katherine L. Salter, Robert W. Teasell
Objective: To clarify the relationship between malnutrition and dysphagia following stroke. Design: Systematic review. Methods: All published trials that had examined both the swallowing ability and nutritional status of subjects following stroke were identified. Pooled analyses were performed to establish whether the odds of being malnourished were increased given the presence of dysphagia. ...
Pages: 707-713
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Positive attitudes and preserved high level of motor performance are important factors for return to work in younger persons after stroke: A national survey
Britta Lindström, Jenny Röding, Gunnevi Sundelin
Objective: Significant numbers of younger persons with stroke should be given the opportunity to return to work. The aim of this study was to investigate factors of importance for return to work among persons after first ever stroke, in the age range 18–55 years. Methods: A questionnaire was sent to all persons who had experienced a first ever stroke, 18–55 years of age, registered in ...
Pages: 714-718
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Effect of seat height and turning direction on the timed up and go test scores of people after stroke
Thomas H.M. Heung, Shamay S.M. Ng
Objective: To identify the effect of chair seat height and turning direction on the Timed Up and Go scores of patients after stroke. Design: A cross-sectional study. Setting: A geriatric day hospital in Hong Kong. Subjects: Twenty-five patients with sub-acute stroke. Methods: The time taken to complete the Timed Up and Go test with various chair seat heights (65%, 90% and 115% of each subject ...
Pages: 719-722
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Spinal Cord Independence Measure, version III: Applicability to the UK spinal cord injured population
Clive A. Glass, Luigi Tesio, Malka Itzkovich, Bakul M. Soni, Pedro Silva, Munawar Mecci, Raymond Chadwick, Waghi el Masry, Aheed Osman, Gordana Savic, Brian Gardner, Ebba Bergström, Amiram Catz
Objective: To examine the validity, reliability and usefulness of the Spinal Cord Independence Measure for the UK spinal cord injury population. Design: Multi-centre cohort study. Setting: Four UK regional spinal cord injury centres. Subjects: Eighty-six people with spinal cord injury. Interventions: Spinal Cord Independence Measure and Functional Independence Measure on admission analysed usi ...
Pages: 723-728
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Predicting respiratory infection one year after inpatient rehabilitation with pulmonary function measured at discharge in persons with spinal cord injury
Karin Postma, Johannes B. Bussmann, Janneke A. Haisma, Lucas H. van der Woude, Michael P. Bergen, Henk J. Stam
Objective: To determine whether pulmonary function at discharge from inpatient rehabilitation can predict respiratory infection in spinal cord injury in the first year after discharge, and to determine which pulmonary function parameter predicts best. Design: Multicentre prospective cohort study. Subjects: A total of 140 persons with spinal cord injury. Methods: Pulmonary function was tested a ...
Pages: 729-733
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Improved walking ability and reduced therapeutic stress with an electromechanical gait device
Susanna Freivogel, Dieter Schmalohr, Jan Mehrholz
Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of repetitive locomotor training using a newly developed electromechanical gait device compared with treadmill training/gait training with respect to patient’s ambulatory motor outcome, necessary personnel resources, and discomfort experienced by therapists and patients. Methods: Randomized, controlled, cross-over trial. Sixteen non-ambulatory patien ...
Pages: 734-739
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Effects of different dilutions of botulinum toxin type A treatment for children with cerebral palsy with spastic ankle plantarflexor: A randomized controlled trial
Jung Hwan Lee, In Young Sung, Jong Yoon Yoo, Eun Ha Park, Song Rae Park
Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of different volumes of saline vehicle on the effects of botulinum toxin type A in reducing ankle plantarflexor spasticity and improving gait pattern in children with cerebral palsy. Design: Children with cerebral palsy having ankle plantarflexor spasticity were recruited. They were divided randomly into 2 groups. Botulinum toxin t ...
Pages: 740-745
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Limited upper limb functioning has impact on restrictions in participation and autonomy of patients with hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy 1a
Annemieke J. Videler, Anita Beelen, Ivo N. van Schaik, Marianne de Visser, Frans Nollet
Objective: To evaluate upper limb functioning, restrictions on participation and the independent contribution of upper and lower limb disability to participation in hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy 1a. Design: Descriptive cross-sectional study. Subjects: Forty-nine patients with hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy 1a. Methods: Perceived upper limb functioning was evaluated using the ...
Pages: 746-750
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Pool exercise for patients with fibromyalgia or chronic widespread pain: A randomized controlled trial and subgroup analyses
Kaisa Mannerkorpi, Lena Nordeman, Anna Ericsson, Maudh Arndorw, GAU Study Group
Objective: To evaluate the effects of pool exercise in patients with fibromyalgia and chronic widespread pain and to determine characteristics influencing the effects of treatment. Methods: A total of 134 women with fibromyalgia and 32 with chronic widespread pain were randomized to a 20-session pool exercise and a 6-session education programme or to a control group undertaking the same educatio ...
Pages: 751-760
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Effects of Qigong in patients with burnout: A randomized controlled trial
Therese Stenlund, Lisbeth Slunga Birgander, Bernt Lindahl, Leif Nilsson, Christina Ahlgren
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of Qigong in rehabili­tation for patients with burnout. Design: Prospective, randomized controlled trial. Subjects: Eighty-two patients (68 women and 14 men, mean age 44.3 (standard deviation 9.1) years) diagnosed with burnout. Methods: Basic care was offered to both the intervention and the control group. Patients in the intervention group received basi ...
Pages: 761-767
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ORIGINAL REPORT
Striving to master variable pain: An interview study in primary care patients with non-specific long-term neck/shoulder pain
Cia Hunhammar, Lena Nilsson-Wikmar, Monika Löfgren
Objective: The aim of this study was to explore and analyse the experience of living with long-term neck/shoulder pain and its effect on daily life. Design: A thematic interview study with emergent design. Subjects: Twelve patients in primary care (6 women and 6 men) with long-term neck/shoulder pain. Methods: Thematic interviews analysed using grounded theory. Results: A conceptual model emer ...
Pages: 768-774
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CASE REPORT
Recovery from neurological sequelae secondary to oncological brain surgery in an adult growth hormone-deficient patient after growth hormone treatment
Jesús Devesa, Pedro Reimunde, Ana Devesa, Sonia Souto, Manuel Lopez-Amado, Pablo Devesa , Víctor M. Arce
Objective: To report an unusual case of significant neurological recovery in a 26-year-old growth hormone-deficient female patient with significant neurological sequelae resulting from brain surgery at 11 years of age. Design: Case report. Results: Most of the neurological sequelae present at admission recovered after 8 months of combined growth hormone administration and kinesitherapy/speech th ...
Pages: 775-777
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LETTER TO THE EDITOR
About the hypothesis of overwork weakness in Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease and Response to letter to the editor by Vinci et al.
Paolo Vinci, Sandra Linet Perelli, Paola Gargiulo and Wim G. M. Janssen, Ruud W. Selles, Madlenka van Pomeren, Berbke T. J. van Ginneken, Ton A. Schreuders, Henk J. Stam
Missing
Pages: 778-779
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LETTER TO THE EDITOR
Functional status after intensive care and Response to the letter to the editor by de Jong et al.
A. Frans de Jong, Erwin J.O. Kompanje, Jose G.M. Hofhuis, Peter E. Spronk, Guus A.J.P. Schrijvers, Jan Bakker and Marike van der Schaaf, Anita Beelen, Dave A. Dongelmans, Margreeth B. Vroom, Frans Nollet
Missing
Pages: 780-781
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